Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      TGF-Alpha mRNA Expression in Renal Organogenesis: A Study in Rat and Human Embryos

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The peptides belonging to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family play a significant role in kidney development by binding the EGF receptor. Transforming growth factor-α (TGFα), a member of this family, is thought to be the fetal ligand of the EGF receptor. The present study aims to localize the TGFα transcripts in rat and human embryonic kidneys using a nonradioactive in situ hybridization method on paraffin-embedded embryonic samples. The results obtained in this study, beside demonstrating the usefulness of the nonradioactive technique for the detection of TGFα mRNA in paraffin sections, allowed TGFα-producing cells to be seen in developing kidneys. TGFα mRNA and its respective peptide were found in the primitive mesonephric structures and within metanephric blastema and ureteric bud cells. The presence of the TGFα gene transcript in the developing rat and human kidney suggests that the TGFα peptide is of embryonic origin and that it may contribute to renal organogenetic processes together with other growth factors.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 2

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Immunohistochemical localization of the epidermal growth factor, transforming growth factor alpha, and their receptor in the human mesonephros and metanephros.

          The distribution of epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha), and EGF/TGF alpha receptor were studied by means of immunohistochemical methods starting from the very early stages of human embryonic kidney development. Mesonephros and metanephros were examined in order to detect immunoreactive staining in serial sectioned embryos and fetal kidneys. Anti-EGF immunoprecipitates were found in the S-shaped mesonephric vesicles of 6-week old embryos as well as in the mesonephric duct albeit with a lower degree of reactivity. Intense reactivity was observed in the metanephros within the blastemic caps of the same gestational period; the reaction was weaker within the ureteric bud branches. Bowman's capsule, proximal tubules, and collecting ducts were also reactive in the fetal kidney to varying degrees. The distribution of TGF alpha reactivity in the mesonephros was similar to that observed for EGF but with a lower intensity. In contrast, there was no reactivity in the metanephros, at least during the embyronic periods examined. By the 11th week of gestation, an intense reactivity for TGF alpha polipeptide was shown in the fetal kidney at the level of the proximal tubules and Bowman's capsule; distal tubules as well as all urinary structures from the collecting ducts to the pelvis were less reactive. Finally, EGF/TGF alpha receptor reactivity was identified by the 6th week of development, being more intense in the mesonephros at the level of the mesonephric duct cells. In the metanephros, the ureteric bud-derived branches were reactive, whereas most of the blastemic tissue did not stain. By the 11th week, only the collecting ducts and the remaining urinary structures contained reaction products: Reactivity was distributed to the tissues originating from the ureteric bud branching. Taking into account recent advances in knowledge about the biology of growth factors, the hypothesis is proposed that the secretory components (vesicles, glomerulus, and tubules) of renal anlagen might release the growth factors while the cells of the urinary tract (i.e., collecting duct, pelvis, etc.) may be their targets.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: found

            Laminin and β1 Integrin Distribution in the Early Stages of Human Kidney Development

            Laminin, an extracellular matrix molecule (EMM) widely expressed in the basal laminae, interacts with specific membrane receptors among which the integrin molecules are the best known. During embryo development laminin is the first synthesized EMM and plays a significant role in the morphogenesis of organs in which epithelial-mesenchymal interactions and branching take place. The present study describes the distribution of laminin and of β1 integrin receptors during the very early stages of human kidney development. The observations were carried out on paraffin sections of human embryos ranging between the 4th and the 7th gestational week. Laminin was detected within the basement membranes of mesonephric duct, vesicles, glomerular vessels and celomic epithelium. The metanephric anlage reacted with anti-laminin immunoglobulins in the basement membrane underlying the ampullae and in few blastemic cap cells. Low levels of β1 integrin reactivity were found in both the mesonephric and metanephric structures. This study provides for the first time data about the distribution of laminin and β1 integrin in the early stages of human renal organogenesis suggesting a key role for these molecules in the epithelial-mesenchymal interactions necessary for kidney development.
              Bookmark

              Author and article information

              Journal
              EXN
              Nephron Exp Nephrol
              10.1159/issn.1660-2129
              Cardiorenal Medicine
              S. Karger AG
              1660-2129
              2001
              April 2001
              11 January 2001
              : 9
              : 2
              : 90-98
              Affiliations
              Section of Histology and General Embryology, Department of Human Morphology and Applied Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Pisa University, Pisa, Italy
              Article
              52599 Exp Nephrol 2001;9:90–98
              10.1159/000052599
              11150857
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 25, Pages: 9
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/52599
              Categories
              Original Paper

              Comments

              Comment on this article