Contribution of receptor tyrosine kinase activation to development of diabetes-induced renal artery dysfunction is not known. We investigated the ability of a chronic administration of genistein, a broad-spectrum inhibitor of tyrosine kinases (TKs), and AG1478, a specific inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) TK activity, to modulate the altered vasoreactivity of isolated renal artery ring segments to common vasoconstrictors in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. In diabetic renal artery, the vasoconstrictor responses induced by norepinephrine, endothelin-1 and angiotensin II were significantly increased. Inhibition of TKs or the EGFR pathway did not affect the agonist-induced vasoconstrictor responses in the non-diabetic control animals. However, inhibition of TKs by genistein or EGFR TK by AG1478 treatment produced a significant normalization of the altered agonist-induced vasoconstrictor responses without affecting blood glucose levels. Treatment with diadzein, an inactive analogue of genistein, did not affect the vasoconstrictor responses in the diabetic animals. Western blotting showed that phosphorylated EGFR protein levels were increased in vehicle-treated diabetic animals. In renal arteries from AG1478-treated diabetic animals, EGFR protein levels were similar to non-diabetic control animals. These data suggest that activation of TK-mediated pathways, including the EGFR TK signalling pathway, are involved in the development of diabetic vascular dysfunction in the renal artery.