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      Early assessment by transesophageal echocardiography of left atrial appendage function after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy

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          Thirty-seven consecutively admitted patients with severe mitral stenosis underwent percutaneous mitral commissurotomy with a transthoracic and biplane or multiplane transesophageal echocardiographic examination before and between 24 and 48 hours after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy. Thirty patients (81%) were in sinus rhythm and 7 were in atrial fibrillation. Left atrial appendage (LAA) function was evaluated in both the transverse and the longitudinal planes by planimetry and pulsed Doppler echocardiographic interrogation at the LAA outlet. Percutaneous mitral commissurotomy resulted in a twofold increase in mitral valve area, and no severe mitral regurgitation occurred. With use of the planimetry method, there was no significant improvement in LAA ejection fraction, except in the transverse plane for patients in sinus rhythm (p = 0.03). With use of Doppler method, 3 distinct flow patterns were observed before the procedure: a "sinus pattern" in patients in sinus rhythm, and a "fibrillatory pattern" (n = 3) or a "no-flow pattern" (n = 4) in patients in atrial fibrillation. After commissurotomy, there was a marked increase in LAA peak Doppler velocity (+62%) and in LAA velocity time integral (+31%). Of the 4 patients in atrial fibrillation with a no-flow pattern, 2 had recovery of a typical effective fibrillatory flow pattern after the procedure. The increase in peak Doppler velocity after commissurotomy was related to the decrease or regression in left atrial spontaneous echo contrast, and correlated with the increase in mitral valve area, the decrease in tranmitral pressure gradient, and the increase in cardiac index; improvement in valve function after successful percutaneous mitral commissurotomy is associated with early improvement in LAA function.

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          The American Journal of Cardiology
          The American Journal of Cardiology
          Elsevier BV
          January 1996
          January 1996
          : 77
          : 1
          : 72-76
          © 1996


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