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      Distinct Sexual Dimorphism in the Effect of Hypothyroidism on the Expression of the Growth Hormone Receptor and Growth Hormone-Binding Protein Gene in Rat Liver

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          Abstract

          Impairment of growth is a hallmark of hypothyroidism in animals. The ability of the thyroid hormone-thyroid hormone receptor complex to regulate gene transcription may be relevant to the growth impairment associated with hypothyroidism. To study the role of thyroid hormone in the expression of the GH receptor (GHR) and GH-binding protein (GHBP) gene, we examined the serum and liver tissue of female and male hypothyroid (thyroidectomized), thyroxine-treated thyroidectomized and euthyroid control rats. Compared to the control and to the thyroxine-treated group, the hypothyroid rats had significantly lower serum levels of thyroxine, increased levels of TSH, and decreased rates of weight gain. GHR and GHBP mRNA levels in liver were estimated by ribonuclease protection assays. In female rats, the levels of hepatic GHR and GHBP mRNA were increased in the hypothyroid group compared to euthyroid controls (p < 0.001 for GHR and p < 0.05 for GHBP). In contrast, in males the hypothyroid state was associated with decreased levels of GHR (p < 0.001) and GHBP (p < 0.001) mRNA levels compared to euthyroid controls. In both females and males, administration of thyroxine for a period of 2 weeks to the thyroidectomized rats prevented these changes in GHR and GHBP mRNA levels in liver. The differences observed between females and males could not be attributed to differences in the circulating levels of GH at sacrifice (female vs. male, 9.9 ± 1.3 vs. 13.9 ± 6.5 ng/ml). We conclude that (1) thyroid hormone affects the transcription of the GHR/GHBP gene; (2) there is a distinct sexual dimorphism in the effect of hypothyroidism on the expression of the GHR/GHBP gene, and (3) this effect is reversible following amelioration of the hypothyroid state. We speculate that regulation of expression of the GHR/GHBP gene by thyroid hormones involves multiple thyroid response elements that have opposite effects depending on the status of other factors such as sex hormones.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1996
          1996
          09 December 2008
          : 45
          : 6
          : 273-278
          Affiliations
          Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pa., USA
          Article
          184805 Horm Res 1996;45:273–278
          10.1159/000184805
          8793521
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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