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      Free Radical-Mediated Effects in Reperfusion Injury: A Histologic Study with Superoxide Dismutase and EGB 761 in Rat Retina


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          In Sprague-Dawley rats, retinal ischemia was induced by occlusion of the central retinal artery, while reperfusion was initiated by unclamping and removing the occluder. Ninety minutes of regional ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion resulted in a development of retinal edema in the inner plexiform layer and a migration of neturophils into the retinal tissue. Oxygen free radicals have been implicated as inducers of cell damage in different tissues. This finding has led us to speculate that, if oxygen free radicals play an important role in the development of reperfusion injury, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and EGB 761 (Tanakan, extract of Ginkgo biloba, IPSEN) should be protective against reperfusion-induced injury. Under our experimental conditions, SOD dose-dependently reduced the development of edema formation (which was expressed in micrometers, measuring the thickness of the inner plexiform layer). Thus, 3,750, 7,500 and 15,000 U/kgof SOD reduced the reperfusion-induced edema formation from its drug-free ischemic value of 112 ± 4 to 107 ± 7, 91 ± 6 (p < 0.05) and 85 + 4 μm (p < 0.001), respectively. Furthermore, SOD significantly reduced the migration of neutrophils which can also contribute to the development of reperfusion-induced injury. The same protective effect was observed, concerning the edema formation and neutrophil migration, in the EGB 761-treated groups. Our results indicate that free radicals play an important role in the development of reperfusion-induced injury, and the treatment of ischemic and reperfused retina whith free radical scavengers may reduce the severity of reperfusion damage.

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          Author and article information

          Ophthalmic Res
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          10 December 2009
          : 23
          : 4
          : 225-234
          aInstitut Henri-Beaufour, Courtaboeuf; bIPSEN-International, Paris; cLaboratoire de Biophysique, Clermont-Ferrand, France
          267107 Ophthalmic Res 1991;23:225–234
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          : 03 September 1990
          : 20 March 1991
          Page count
          Pages: 10

          Vision sciences,Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pathology
          Superoxide dismutase,Retinal artery occlusion/reperfusion,EGB 761,Rat,Histology,Free radicals


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