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      PCDD, PCDF, AND PCB concentrations in human milk from two areas in Finland

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      Chemosphere
      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Concentrations of 17 toxic 2,3,7,8-chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and of 36 polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs) were analyzed from 167 randomly sampled human milk samples from Southern (77 samples) and Eastern (90) Finland. The level of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in human milk in Southern Finland was about 25% higher than those from Eastern Finland. The level of PCDD/Fs in human milk in Finland was the same as in Sweden, 30-50% lower than in milk from Central Europe but about 45% higher than values from Norway or Russia. The PCB concentrations in Southern Finland were at the same level as in the Netherlands, and in Eastern Finland at the same level as in Norway. The levels of PCDD/Fs and PCBs decreased with increasing number of children: the third child was exposed to about 70% of the amount of PCDD/Fs and PCBs as compared with the first child, and the eighth to tenth child to about 20%. The congener patterns of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in Finnish human milk were similar to the countries of Central Europe, however, the levels of penta- and heptachlorinated furans were slightly higher than in milk from other countries.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Chemosphere
          Chemosphere
          Elsevier BV
          00456535
          June 1997
          June 1997
          : 34
          : 12
          : 2571-2583
          Article
          10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00100-8
          9204541
          f5a6ade7-c394-496e-bb11-ba68a4a1ef8e
          © 1997

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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