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      Why Were So Few Christians Crucified?

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          Abstract

          Despite the presumed prominence of crucifixions of Christians in early Christianity, we have a surprising lack of sources on crucified Christians. While recent research collected a mere six sources—but not all are agreed upon—one would expect many more instances: after all, to be crucified like Jesus Christ would be the summum of the Imitatio Christi. Curiously, the reason why we have so few sources on crucified Christians has not previously been addressed. In this short Research Note, I suggest two possible answers that need to be explored further: (1) perhaps crucifixion was not as common as modern scholars tend to assume, and (2) because crucifixion was reserved for enslaved people, rebels and peregrini, the great spread of Roman citizenship in the third century likely reduced the chance of crucifixion.

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          Most cited references22

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          The Gospel of Matthew

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            Ancient Jewish and Christian Perceptions of Crucifixion

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              Crucifixion in the Mediterranean World

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                NTT
                NTT Journal for Theology and the Study of Religion
                Amsterdam University Press (Amsterdam )
                2542-6583
                2590-3268
                June 2023
                : 77
                : 2
                : 86-95
                Affiliations
                Tilburg University
                Article
                NTT2023.2.002.WING
                10.5117/NTT2023.2.002.WING
                f62d4474-4abd-4b40-b30b-a4e63bcc4fb0
                © Ruben van Wingerden
                History
                Categories
                Research Note

                Early Christianity,Nero,crucifixion,martyrdom,Peter
                Early Christianity, Nero, crucifixion, martyrdom, Peter

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