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      Contested Technologies and Design for Values: The Case of Shale Gas

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          Abstract

          The introduction of new energy technologies may lead to public resistance and contestation. It is often argued that this phenomenon is caused by an inadequate inclusion of relevant public values in the design of technology. In this paper we examine the applicability of the value sensitive design (VSD) approach. While VSD was primarily introduced for incorporating values in technological design, our focus in this paper is expanded towards the design of the institutions surrounding these technologies, as well as the design of stakeholder participation. One important methodological challenge of VSD is to identify the relevant values related to new technological developments. In this paper, we argue that the public debate can form a rich source from which to retrieve the values at stake. To demonstrate this, we have examined the arguments used in the public debate regarding the exploration and exploitation of shale gas in the Netherlands. We identified two important sets of the underlying values, namely substantive and procedural values. This paper concludes with two key findings. Firstly, contrary to what is often suggested in the literature, both proponents and opponents seem to endorse the same values. Secondly, contestation seems to arise in the precise operationalization of these values among the different stakeholders. In other words, contestation in the Dutch shale gas debate does not arise from inter- value conflict but rather from intra- value conflicts. This multi-interpretability should be incorporated in VSD processes.

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          Most cited references 37

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            Citizen Participation and Environmental Risk: A Survey of Institutional Mechanisms

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              Social acceptance of renewable energy innovation: An introduction to the concept

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Values, Technology and Innovation, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
                [2 ]Department of Policy, Organization, Law and Gaming, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
                [3 ]Belfer Centre for Science and International Affairs, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA
                Contributors
                m.dignum@tudelft.nl
                A.F.Correlje@tudelft.nl
                E.H.W.J.Cuppen@tudelft.nl
                U.Pesch@tudelft.nl
                B.Taebi@tudelft.nl
                Journal
                Sci Eng Ethics
                Sci Eng Ethics
                Science and Engineering Ethics
                Springer Netherlands (Dordrecht )
                1353-3452
                1471-5546
                25 July 2015
                25 July 2015
                2016
                : 22
                : 4
                : 1171-1191
                9685
                10.1007/s11948-015-9685-6
                4996890
                26208574
                © The Author(s) 2015

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

                Funding
                Funded by: Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
                Award ID: 313 99 007
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: Energy Delta Gas Research (EDGaR)
                Categories
                Original Paper
                Custom metadata
                © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

                Ethics

                shale gas, public values, value sensitive design, responsible innovation, energy policy

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