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      First record of Amphoromorpha/ Basidiobolus fungus on centipedes (Geophilomorpha, Geophilidae) from Brazilian caves

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      Subterranean Biology

      Pensoft Publishers

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          Abstract

          We identified Basidiobolus fungi on geophilomorphan centipedes (Chilopoda) from caves of Southeast Brazil. Twelve specimens of centipedes of the family Geophilidae were examined, and two of them carried the secondary capilliconidia of Basidiobolus on their exoskeleton. The fungus uses the surface of the exoskeleton as a support for the asexual reproductive structure. In this manner, the host is used for the purpose of dispersing its spores. This study expands current knowledge of the diversity of arthropods used as host for the fungus, and in particular for Basidiobolus, living in cave habitats.

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          Most cited references 11

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          Evolution of 'pollinator'- attracting signals in fungi

          Fungi produce a plethora of secondary metabolites yet their biological significance is often little understood. Some compounds show well-known antibiotic properties, others may serve as volatile signals for the attraction of insects that act as vectors of spores or gametes. Our investigations in an outcrossing, self-incompatible fungus show that a fungus-produced volatile compound with fungitoxic activities is also responsible for the attraction of specific insects that transfer gametes. We argue that insect attraction using this compound is likely to have evolved from its primary function of defence--as has been suggested for floral scent in the angiosperms. We, thus, propose that similar yet convergent evolutionary pathways have lead to interspecific communication signals in both fungi and plants.
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            Seasonal dynamics of airborne fungi in different caves of the Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China

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              Terrestrial filamentous fungi from Gruta do Catão (São Desiderio, Bahia, Northeastern Brazil) show high levels of cellulose degradation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Subterranean Biology
                SB
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2615
                1768-1448
                September 19 2019
                September 19 2019
                : 32
                : 61-67
                Article
                10.3897/subtbiol.32.38310
                © 2019

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