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      A novel real-time intravascular ultrasound double-lumen microcatheter for recanalization of chronic total occlusion: a case report

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          Chronic total occlusion revascularization remains a challenging problem because of its complexity. We present a case of a patient with chronic total occlusion who was successfully revascularized with the use of a new device called a real-time intravascular ultrasound double-lumen microcatheter.

          Case presentation

          A 58-year-old East Asians woman presented to our hospital with a complaint of recurrent chest pain of 5 months’ duration. Angiography revealed chronic total occlusion of the right coronary artery from the right coronary artery ostium to the ostia of the posterolateral and posterior descending branches. A guidewire was passed to the distal right coronary artery but went into the false lumens at the posterior descending and posterolateral ostia after use of the antegrade and retrograde approaches. Hence, we used the new device to pass through the subintimal right coronary artery space with reentry into the true lumen before the posterior descending and posterolateral ostia. A stent was successfully deployed at the posterior descending and posterolateral ostia, and the final result was excellent.


          This device was useful for finding the entry point and for reentry into the true lumen of a chronic total occlusion. It may be a valuable tool for recanalization of complex chronic total occlusion lesions.

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          Most cited references 20

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          Procedural outcomes and long-term survival among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention of a chronic total occlusion in native coronary arteries: a 20-year experience.

          The study compared procedural outcomes and long-term survival for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of a chronic total coronary artery occlusion (CTO) with a matched non-CTO cohort to determine whether successful PCI of a CTO is associated with improved survival. Percutaneous coronary intervention of a CTO is a common occurrence, and the long-term survival for patients with successful PCI of a CTO has not been clearly defined. Between June 1980 and December 1999, a total of 2,007 consecutive patients underwent PCI for a CTO. Utilizing propensity scoring methods, a matched non-CTO cohort of 2,007 patients was identified and compared to the CTO group. The cohorts were stratified into successful and failed procedures. The in-hospital major adverse cardiac event (MACE) rate was 3.8% in the CTO cohort. Technical success has improved over the last 10 years (overall 74.4%, slope 1.0%/yr, p = 0.02, R2 = 49.9%) as did procedural success (overall 69.9%, slope 1.2%/yr, p = 0.02, R2 = 51.5%) without a concomitant increase in in-hospital MACE rates (slope 0.1%/yr, p = 0.7). There was a distinct 10-year survival advantage for successful CTO treatment compared with failed CTO treatment (73.5% vs. 65.1%, p = 0.001). The CTO versus non-CTO 10-year survival was the same (71.2% vs. 71.4%, p = 0.9). Diabetics in the CTO cohort had a lower 10-year survival compared with nondiabetics (58.3% vs. 74.3%, p < 0.0001). These data represent follow-up of the largest reported series of patients undergoing PCI for a CTO. The 10-year survival rates for matched non-CTO and the CTO cohorts were similar. Success rates have continued to improve without an accompanying increase in MACE rates. A successfully revascularized CTO confers a significant 10-year survival advantage compared with failed revascularization.
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            Recanalisation of chronic total coronary occlusions: 2012 consensus document from the EuroCTO club.

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              Effect of chronic total coronary occlusion on treatment strategy.

              In a registry analysis of 8,004 consecutive patients presenting for diagnostic catheterization at a single institution from 1990 to 2000, chronic total occlusion (CTO) was found in 52% of patients with significant (> or = 70% diameter stenosis) coronary artery disease. Peripheral vascular disease was the strongest clinical predictor of the presence of a CTO. In a multivariate analysis, CTO was the strongest predictor against the selection of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as a treatment strategy, indicating that efforts to improve the success rate of PCI in CTO may have a significant impact on management of coronary disease.

                Author and article information

                86-031187978302 , 297400148@qq.com
                J Med Case Rep
                J Med Case Rep
                Journal of Medical Case Reports
                BioMed Central (London )
                23 October 2019
                23 October 2019
                : 13
                ISNI 0000 0000 8727 6165, GRID grid.452440.3, Department of Cardiology, , Bethune International Peace Hospital, ; Shijiazhuang, Hebei China
                © The Author(s). 2019

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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