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Technology Transfer and the End of the Bayh-Dole Effect: Patents as an Analytical Lens on University-Industry-Government Relations

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      Abstract

      Three periods can be distinguished in university patenting at the U.S. Patent and Trade Office (USPTO) since the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980: (1) a first period of exponential increase in university patenting till 1995 (filing date) or 1999 (issuing date); (2) a period of relative decline since 1999; and (3) in most recent years -- since 2008 -- a linear increase in university patenting. We argue that this last period is driven by specific non-US universities (e.g., Tokyo University and Chinese universities) patenting increasingly in the U.S.A. as the most competitive market for high-tech patents.

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      Conceptualising the heterogeneity of research-based spin-offs: A multi-dimensional taxonomy

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        The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 and University?Industry Technology Transfer: A Model for Other OECD Governments?

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          Becoming an entrepreneurial university? A case study of knowledge exchange relationships and faculty attitudes in a medium-sized, research-oriented university

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            2013-02-20
            1302.4864

            http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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            in press in Scientometrics with the title: "A Reply to Etzkowitz' Comments to Leydesdorff & Martin (2010)"
            cs.DL
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