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      Psychological first aid during severe nuclear power plant accident

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          Abstract

          The past three severe nuclear power plant accidents showed that the social psychological impact on the public is the most serious consequence of severe nuclear power plant accidents. When a severe nuclear power plant accident occurs, individuals / groups in the affected area may experience various stress reactions. Timely and effective psychological first-aid can help the victims to survive the crisis effectively and actively respond to the current life. Referring to the World Health Organization guide psychological first aid: guide for field workerand other national guidance, this paper introduces how emergency rescue personnel carry out emergency psychological assistance in case of severe nuclear accident.

          Abstract

          摘要: 历史上3 起严重核电站事故表明:对公众的社会心理影响是严重核电站事故的最严重影响之一。当严重核电站 事故发生时, 受心理急救影响区域的个人/群体可能会经历各种应激反应, 及时有效的心理急救可以帮助受灾者度过 危机, 积极的应对当前的生活。本文参考世界卫生组织现场工作者心理救助指南等国内外相关指南、标准, 结合核事 故心理影响的特点, 介绍了严重核事故时, 应急救援人员如何开展紧急心理急救。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJRH
          Chinese Journal of Radiological Health
          Chinese Preventive Medical Association (Ji’an, China )
          1004-714X
          01 February 2021
          01 May 2021
          : 30
          : 1
          : 48-52
          Affiliations
          [1] 1National Institute for Radiological Protection, China CDC, Beijing 100088 China
          Author notes
          Corresponding author: LEI Cuiping, E-mail: leicuiping@ 123456nirp.chinacdc.cn
          Article
          j.issn.1004-714X.2021.01.011
          10.13491/j.issn.1004-714X.2021.01.011
          f6d6aed6-8844-4f03-8f50-a5da17e0a068
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of Radiological Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Categories
          Journal Article

          Medicine,Image processing,Radiology & Imaging,Bioinformatics & Computational biology,Health & Social care,Public health
          Emergency Rescue,Psychological First-Aid,Nuclear Power Plant Accident

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