To evaluate the rate of presumed endophthalmitis (EO) after intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections performed in an operating room (OR) under sterile conditions in mainland China.
Retrospective single-center study between September 2012 and December 2017 at Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing, China. Intravitreal injection database was reviewed. All anti-VEGF injections were performed using a standardized sterile technique in an OR. Injection protocols included antibiotics for 3 days pre-injection, topical 5% povidone-iodine rinsing before the procedure, and post-injection antibiotics for 3 days.
A total of 37,830 intravitreal injections were performed at Beijing Tongren Eye Center. Three cases were managed as presumed EO (0.0079%). Positive cultures were documented in 2 of 3 cases. EO incidence following ranibizumab and conbercept administration was 0.0088% (3 in 33,930) and 0% (0 in 3,900), respectively. No significant difference was detected between the two drugs ( P = 0.745).