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      Dispatch from the field: ecology of ground-web-building spiders with description of a new species (Araneae, Symphytognathidae)

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      Biodiversity Data Journal

      Pensoft Publishers

      Borneo, Crassignatha , disturbance, inundation, oil palm plantation, riparian forest, riverine forest, tropical field course

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Crassignatha danaugirangensis sp. n. ( Araneae : Symphytognathidae ) was discovered during a tropical ecology field course held at the Danau Girang Field Centre in Sabah, Malaysia. A taxonomic description and accompanying ecological study were completed as course activities. To assess the ecology of this species, which belongs to the ground-web-building spider community, three habitat types were surveyed: riparian forest, recently inundated riverine forest, and oil palm plantation. Crassignatha danaugirangensis sp. n. is the most abundant ground-web-building spider species in riparian forest; it is rare or absent from the recently inundated forest and was not found in a nearby oil palm plantation. The availability of this taxonomic description may help facilitate the accumulation of data about this species and the role of inundated riverine forest in shaping invertebrate communities.

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          Most cited references 5

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          International code of zoological nomenclature = Code international de nomenclature zoologique /

           W. RIDE (1999)
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            21 years of shelf life between discovery and description of new species.

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              The symphytognathoid spiders of the Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China (Araneae: Araneoidea): Systematics and diversity of micro-orbweavers

              A ten-year inventory of the Gaoligongshan in western Yunnan Province, China, yielded more than 1000 adult spider specimens belonging to the symphytognathoid families Theridiosomatidae, Mysmenidae, Anapidae, and Symphytognathidae. These specimens belong to 36 species, all newly described here. In the Theridiosomatidae: Epeirotypus dalong n. sp., Ogulnius barbandrewsi n. sp., Baalzebub nemesis n. sp., Theridiosoma diwang n. sp., Theridiosoma shuangbi n. sp., Zoma dibaiyin n. sp., Wendilgarda muji n. sp., Coddingtonia euryopoides n. gen., n. sp.; in the Mysmenidae: Mysmena changouzi n. sp., Mysmena jinlong n. sp., Mysmena bizi n. sp., Mysmena goudao n. sp., Mysmena haban n. sp., Mysmena shibali n. sp., Simaoa yaojia n. gen., n. sp., Simaoa kavanaugh n. sp., Simaoa maku n. sp., Simaoa bianjing n. sp., Gaoligonga changya n. gen., n. sp., Gaoligonga zhusun n. sp., Mosu nujiang n. gen., n. sp., Mosu huogou n. sp., Chanea suukyii n. gen., n. sp., Maymena paquini n. sp., Maymena kehen n. sp.; in the Anapidae: Gaiziapis zhizhuba n. gen., n. sp.; in the Symphytognathidae: Patu jidanweishi n. sp., Patu qiqi n. sp., Patu xiaoxiao n. sp., Crassignatha pianma n. sp., Crassignatha yinzhi n. sp., Crassignatha quanqu n. sp., Crassignatha yamu n. sp., Crassignatha ertou n. sp., Crassignatha gudu n. sp., Crassignatha longtou n. sp. The first species of Zoma Saaristo, 1996 (previously monotypic, known from the Seychelles) and Maymena Gertsch, 1960 (previously known from the Americas) are reported from China. The genus Crassignatha Wunderlich, 1995 (previously known from a single male from Malaysia) is represented by seven new Chinese species and is transferred to Symphytognathidae. The first Epeirotypus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1894 species from beyond the Neotropics is described, although the presence of the genus in Asia was previously noted. Notes on morphological characters exhibited by this fauna and implications for the limits and diagnosis of some symphytognathoid families are given. Dichotomous keys to species are provided. Quantitative biodiversity analysis suggests a high degree of endemism for symphytognathoids in the Gaoligongshan.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                URI : http://zoobank.org/7069074F-E12B-40E1-BC07-5AF664B40F57
                URI : http://zoobank.org/B46AF84C-2070-467A-AD87-BFAA87302912
                URI : http://zoobank.org/FE16D69A-18B5-43C5-9E5B-223AEFBDE45B
                URI : http://zoobank.org/6374B1AD-0A51-46C1-BAA1-1405074D107B
                URI : http://zoobank.org/250F699D-4EA3-46F7-9EAD-AFB55996BDA9
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2014
                26 March 2014
                : 2
                Affiliations
                []Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands
                []Plazi, Bern, Switzerland
                [§ ]Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
                [| ]University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
                []Delft University, Delft, Netherlands
                [# ]Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, Newark, United States of America
                [†† ]Hortus Botanicus, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
                [‡‡ ]Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia and Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre of Czech Academy of Sciences, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
                [§§ ]Forest Ecology and Conservation Group, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
                [|| ]Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands
                [¶¶ ]Antwerp University, Antwerp, Belgium
                [## ]Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
                [††† ]Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
                [‡‡‡ ]University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
                [§§§ ]Danau Girang Field Centre, c/o Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
                [||| ]Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
                [¶¶¶ ]Sabah Wildlife Department, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Jeremy A. Miller ( jeremy.miller@ 123456naturalis.nl ).

                Academic editor: Lyubomir Penev.

                Article
                Biodiversity Data Journal 3289
                10.3897/BDJ.2.e1076
                4031436
                Jeremy A. Miller, Menno Schilthuizen, Jennie Lilliendahl Burmester, Lot van der Graaf, Vincent Merckx, Merlijn Jocqué, Paul Joseph Antonius Kessler, Tom Maurice Fayle, Thijmen Breeschoten, Regi Broeren, Roderick Bouman, Wan-Ji Chua, Frida Feijen, Tanita Fermont, Kevin Groen, Marvin Groen, Nicolaas Johannes Cornelis Kil, Henrica Allegonda de Laat, Michelangelo Sergio Moerland, Carole Moncoquet, Elisa Panjang, Amelia Joyce Philip, Rebecca Roca-Eriksen, Bastiaan Rooduijn, Marit van Santen, Violet Swakman, Meaghan N. Evans, Luke J. Evans, Kieran Love, Sarah H Joscelyne, Anya Victoria Tober, Hannah F. Wilson, Laurentius N. Ambu, Benoit Goossens

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 6
                Categories
                Taxonomic Paper
                Araneae
                Symphytognathidae
                Taxonomy
                Conservation Ecology
                Malaysia

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