Objective To understand the health-related quality of life status of ethnic Korean children and adolescents and its relationship with social support and negative emotions, and to provide assistance to the healthy development of ethnic Korean children and adolescents.
Methods From April to June 2018 in Jilin Province, 4 024 ethnic Korean children and adolescents were selected for the survey of quality of life, social support, and negative emotion, and multiple linear regression analysis was used to understand the relationships between them.
Results The average score of the quality of life of ethnic Korean children and adolescents was (81.01±12.64) points. The average scores for school function, emotional function, social function and physiological function were (80.16±15.36) points, (73.07±19.85) points, (88.52±14.03) points and (82.65±14.17) points, respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the negative emotions of ethnic Korean primary and middle school students had a negative association with effect on quality of life ( β = –0.24, P<0.01), social support had a positive predictive effect on quality of life ( β = 0.17, P <0.01), and the interaction between negative emotions and social support played a negative role in quality of life of ethnic Korean primary and middle school students ( β = –0.19, P<0.01).
Conclusion The health-related quality of life of ethnic Korean children and adolescents is acceptable. Social support can alleviate negative emotions to reduce the impact of negative emotions on quality of life.
【摘要】 目的 了解朝鲜族儿童青少年健康相关生命质量状况及其与社会支持和负性情绪的关系, 为朝鲜族儿童青少年 身心健康发展提供帮助。 方法 2018年4一6月采用随机分层整群抽样的方法, 在吉林省吉林市、延边市选取4 024名朝 鲜族儿童青少年进行生命质量、社会支持和负性情绪的调査, 采用多元线性回归分析的方法了解之间的关联。 结果 朝鲜 族儿童青少年健康相关生命质量平均得分为（81.01±12.64)分, 其中学校功能、情感功能、社会功能、生理功能平均得分分 别为（80.16±15.36) (73.07±19.85) (88.52±14.03) (82.65±14.17)分。多元线性回归分析显示, 朝鲜族中小学生的负性情绪 与生命质量有负向关联( β = –0.24, P<0.01), 社会支持与生命关联质量有正向关联( β = 0.17, P<0.01), 负性情绪和社会支 持的交互作用与朝鲜族中小学生的生命质量有负向关联( β = –0.19, P<0.01)。 结论 朝鲜族儿童青少年健康相关生命质 量尚可, 社会支持对负性情绪起到缓解作用, 可降低负性情绪对生存质量的影响。