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      Linfoma canino: clínica, hematologia e tratamento com o protocolo de Madison-Wisconsin Translated title: Canine lymphoma: clinical and hematological aspects and treatment with the Madison-Wisconsin protocol

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          Abstract

          O linfoma é uma neoplasia de elevada incidência na população canina mundial, e que apresenta sinais clínicos diversos, dependentes da classificação anatômica e da extensão da doença. Este estudo objetivou avaliar as características clínicas e hematológicas de cães com linfoma no momento do diagnóstico, além da evolução clínica dos mesmos ao longo do tratamento com o protocolo de Madison-Wisconsin. Dos 18 cães inseridos no estudo, 50% apresentaram a forma multicêntrica da doença e 33% a forma cutânea. A manifestação clínica mais comum foi a linfadenomegalia superficial, acompanhada dos sinais sistêmicos de hiporexia, apatia e perda de peso. As principais alterações hematólogicas foram anemia normocítica normocrômica, trombocitopenia e leucocitose, associadas às síndromes paraneoplásicas. Vinte e sete por cento dos animais atingiram remissão completa da doença e apenas 22% atingiram sobrevida de um ano. Houve correlação positiva entre o valor do hematócrito e o tempo de sobrevida para os cães que morreram, demonstrando a influência da anemia no prognóstico dos animais. Sugere-se que o estágio avançado da doença no momento do diagnóstico tenha influenciado as baixas taxas de remissão e sobrevida obtidas neste estudo.

          Translated abstract

          Lymphoma is a neoplasm of high incidence in dogs, and has several clinical signs, depending on the tumor anatomical area and the extent of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and hematological findings in dogs with lymphoma at diagnosis, and the clinical evolution during Madison-Wisconsin chemotherapy protocol. Of the 18 dogs that underwent the study, 50% of the dogs had the multicentric form and 33% the cutaneous forms of the disease. The most common clinical sign was superficial lymphadenomegaly, combined to systemic signs of hyporexia, apathy and weight loss. The main hematological changes were anemia, thrombocytopenia and leukocytosis, associated with paraneoplastic syndromes. Complete remission was achieved in 27% of the animals and the one-year survival rate was 22%. There was a positive correlation between the hematocrit and survival time in dogs that died, which indicates the importance of anemia in the prognosis. It is suggested that the advanced stage of the disease may have contributed to the low remission and survival rates observed in this study.

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          Most cited references 24

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          Evaluation of a 6-month chemotherapy protocol with no maintenance therapy for dogs with lymphoma.

          The purpose of this study was to compare a maintenance-free chemotherapy protocol based on CHOP (H from hydroxydaunorubicin = doxorubicin, O from Oncovin = vincristine) to a similar protocol with a maintenance phase for the treatment of canine lymphoma. Fifty-three dogs with multicentric lymphoma were treated with a 6-month modified version of the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Madison chemotherapy protocol (UW-25). Disease-free interval (DFI) and survival were compared to a historical control group of 55 dogs treated with a similar protocol with a prolonged maintenance phase. Remission rate for the study dogs was 94.2% (complete remission = 92.3%, partial remission = 1.9%). DFI and survival between the 2 groups did not differ significantly, with median DFI and survival of the study dogs equal to 282 and 397 days compared to 220 and 303 days for the control dogs (P = .2835 and .3365, respectively). Univariate analysis identified substage b (P = .0087), German Shepherd breed (P = .0199), and body weight > 18 kg (P = .0016) as significant for worse survival. Longer survival was associated with thrombocytopenia (P = .0436). Multivariate analysis revealed that substage (P = .0388) and weight (P = .0125) retained significance for DFI, whereas substage (P = .0093), thrombocytopenia (P = .0150), and weight (P = 0 .0050) retained significance for survival. Overall, the protocol was well tolerated by the dogs, with 41.5% (22/53) requiring a treatment delay or dose modification, but only 9.4% (5/53) needing hospitalization. The 6-month chemotherapy protocol based on CHOP with no maintenance phase provides similar DFI and survival times when compared to a similar protocol with a prolonged maintenance phase.
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            Evaluation of prognostic factors and sequential combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin for canine lymphoma.

            Fifty-five dogs with lymphoma were treated using a doxorubicin-based sequential combination chemotherapy protocol. Complete response, partial response, and no response were seen in 46, 4, and 5 dogs, respectively. The overall median remission duration and survival times were 36 and 51 weeks, respectively. Age, sex, weight, World Health Organization stage, World Health Organization substage (i.e., a = not ill, b = ill), serum calcium concentration, blood urea nitrogen concentration, breed and protocol alteration secondary to toxicity were evaluated for prognostic significance. Univariate analysis of prognostic factors identified sex, World Health Organization substage, and serum calcium as statistically significant (P < or = .05) variables for both survival and remission duration. Upon multivariate analysis, only substage (P = .036) was a significant prognostic factor for remission duration, whereas, both substage (P = .006) and sex (P = .005) were significant prognostic factors for survival.
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              TNM Classification of tumours in domestic animals

               Owen LN,  LN Owen,  L. OWEN (1980)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                cr
                Ciência Rural
                Cienc. Rural
                Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria )
                1678-4596
                July 2011
                : 41
                : 7
                : 1245-1251
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Centro Universitário Barão de Mauá Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade Estadual Paulista Brazil
                Article
                S0103-84782011000700022
                f774d0aa-b6c7-4650-8550-a29d97fb0439
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                AGRONOMY

                Horticulture

                dog, blood count, chemotherapy, lymphoma, cão, hemograma, quimioterapia, linfoma

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