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      Patterns of ACTH Response to oCRH in Cushing’s Disease: Correlation with Histological/Immunocytochemical Findings

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          Abstract

          The most common lesion in Cushing’s disease is an anterior pituitary adenoma. However, normal or hyperplastic corticotropic pituitary tissue has also been found in some cases. In an attempt to distinguish the patterns of ACTH response to oCRH in different forms of anterior pituitary hypersecretion, 17 patients with pituitary adenoma and 17 without pathological evidence of adenoma were studied. These patients underwent transsphenoidal pituitary surgery by the same surgeon and were retrospectively evaluated. The diagnosis of pituitary lesions was confirmed by microscopical and immunohistochemical studies. Patients without pituitary adenoma showed a higher and more prolonged mean plasma ACTH response than that observed in patients with pituitary tumors. In patients with pituitary adenoma, the peak ACTH response was observed within 30 min after oCRH administration, and was followed by a gradual decrease to basal levels in the following 30 min. In those cases in whom no pituitary adenoma was found, oCRH injection produced a marked increase in plasma ACTH levels during the first 60 min with a slower decline at the subsequent time points. The mean response curves of the two groups, analyzed by Beherens-Fischer nonparametric ANOVA, showed significant differences, either when they were compared globally (p < 0.01), or at single time points. Differences in ACTH response to oCRH stimulation support the hypothesis of different pathogenetic mechanisms leading to ACTH hypersecretion in Cushing’s disease with and without pituitary adenoma.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1994
          1994
          09 April 2008
          : 60
          : 3
          : 237-242
          Affiliations
          aDivision of Endocrinology, Institute of Semeiotica Medica, and bDepartment of Neurosurgery, University of Padova, Italy
          Article
          126756 Neuroendocrinology 1994;60:237–242
          10.1159/000126756
          7969781
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Corticotropin Regulation and Corticoid Feedback

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