Peter M. Maloca , 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , Balázs Faludi 5 , Marek Zelechowski 5 , Christoph Jud 5 , Theo Vollmar 6 , Sibylle Hug 6 , Philipp L. Müller 4 , Emanuel Ramos de Carvalho 4 , Javier Zarranz-Ventura 7 , Michael Reich 8 , Clemens Lange 8 , Catherine Egan 4 , Adnan Tufail 4 , Pascal W. Hasler 2 , 3 , Hendrik P. N. Scholl 1 , 3 , 9 , Philippe C. Cattin 5
16 July 2020
Clinical science and medical imaging technology are traditionally displayed in two dimensions (2D) on a computer monitor. In contrast, three-dimensional (3D) virtual reality (VR) expands the realm of 2D image visualization, enabling an immersive VR experience with unhindered spatial interaction by the user. Thus far, analysis of data extracted from VR applications was mainly qualitative. In this study, we enhance VR and provide evidence for quantitative VR research by validating digital VR display of computed tomography (CT) data of the orbit. Volumetric CT data were transferred and rendered into a VR environment. Subsequently, seven graders performed repeated and blinded diameter measurements. The intergrader variability of the measurements in VR was much lower compared to measurements in the physical world and measurements were reasonably consistent with their corresponding elements in the real context. The overall VR measurements were 5.49% higher. As such, this study attests the ability of VR to provide similar quantitative data alongside the added benefit of VR interfaces. VR entails a lot of potential for the future research in ophthalmology and beyond in any scientific field that uses three-dimensional data.