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      Plasmin-Mediated Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 Mobilisation Supports Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation in Human Saphenous Vein

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          Abstract

          The focus of this study was identification of the contribution of the plasminogen activator-plasmin system to smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration in human saphenous vein. Segments of human saphenous vein were grown in organ culture for up to 14 days. Smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration were measured by incubating vein segments in bromodeoxyuridine, and smooth muscle cell death was detected by in situ end-labelling. Tissue-type (tPA) and urokinase-type (uPA) plasminogen activator enzymic activities were detectable in cultured saphenous vein segments, and were concentrated in focal zones. Inhibition of plasmin activity with α-N-acetyl- L-lysine methyl ester (NALME) or of uPA activity with a neutralising antibody caused significant decreases in smooth muscle cell proliferation in the media and the intima, but no significant changes in smooth muscle cell migration. Intimal thickness was also significantly decreased. Incubation with plasminogen or plasmin caused fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) to be released into the medium. Addition of FGF2 to segments cultured with NALME reversed the inhibition of smooth muscle cell proliferation, and blocking the activity of FGF2 with a neutralising antibody caused a significant decrease in medial smooth muscle cell proliferation. These data suggest that plasmin mobilises FGF2 bound to the extracellular matrix of human saphenous vein, so that it can support smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal thickening.

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          Most cited references7

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          Proteoglycans as modulators of growth factor activities.

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            Thrombospondin-1 Is a Major Activator of TGF-β1 In Vivo

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              Amiloride selectively inhibits the urokinase-type plasminogen activator.

              The diuretic drug amiloride, an inhibitor of Na+ uptake, competitively inhibits the catalytic activity of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA), with a Ki of 7 X 10(-6) M. Generation of plasmin, cleavage of peptide substrates, and interaction of u-PA with a specific macromolecular proteinase inhibitor are all prevented in the presence of the drug. In contrast, amiloride does not affect the activity of either tissue-type plasminogen activator, plasmin, plasma kallikrein or thrombin. The inhibition of u-PA by amiloride may be related to the previously reported inhibition of u-PA-type enzymes by Na+. Amiloride or related compounds could prove useful in selectively controlling u-PA-catalyzed extracellular proteolysis.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                JVR
                J Vasc Res
                10.1159/issn.1018-1172
                Journal of Vascular Research
                S. Karger AG
                1018-1172
                1423-0135
                2001
                October 2001
                17 September 2001
                : 38
                : 5
                : 492-501
                Affiliations
                Bristol Heart Institute, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
                Article
                51082 J Vasc Res 2001;38:492–501
                10.1159/000051082
                11561151
                f803be1d-1c5f-437c-bb0c-07202dddd9c1
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                History
                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 3, References: 41, Pages: 10
                Categories
                Research Paper

                General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
                Fibroblast growth factor,Extracellular matrix,Saphenous vein,Bypass graft,Plasmin,Smooth muscle cell

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