Endothelium exerts an important role in releasing vasoactive substances, maintaining the blood flow, regulating the growth of vessels, moderating the process of coagulation, and the balance of fibrinolytic system, the dysfunction of which is reported to result in arterial stiffness. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of loxoprofen sodium against HUVECs injury induced by angiotensin II.
The injury model on HUVECs was established through incubation with angiotensin II. The expression levels of AT2R, NOX-4, Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 were evaluated using qRT-PCR and Western Blot. DCFH-DA assay was used to detect the production of ROS and ELISA assay was used to evaluate the level of reduced glutathione. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was measured using dihydrorhodamine 123 assay. MTT and LDH assays were utilized to determine the proliferation ability of HUVECs. The apoptosis rate of HUVECs was evaluated using flow cytometry.
Loxoprofen sodium suppressed endothelial AT2R elevation by angiotensin II. Loxoprofen ameliorated Angiotensin II–induced production of ROS, reduced GSH, and NOX-2 and NOX-4 expression. Furthermore, Loxoprofen mitigated Angiotensin II, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential and improved cell viability, and suppressed LDH release by angiotensin II. Importantly, loxoprofen showed a beneficial role in protecting endothelial apoptosis by mitigating apoptotic machinery including the balanced expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 cleavage.