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      Radiolucent Bone Cysts and the Type of Dialysis Membrane Used in Patients Undergoing Long-Term Hemodialysis

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          Abstract

          The relationship between the types of dialysis membrane used and the prevalence and severity of radiolucent bone cysts (which are a main radiological feature of dialysis amyloidosis) was studied in 30 patients on hemodialysis for more than 10 years. One of them was treated exclusively with cuprophane; the other 29 were dialyzed with cuprophane, and then treated with polyacrylonitrile AN 69. In 12 of the 30 patients, radiolucent bone cysts (at least 5 mm in diameter in the wrists and at least 10 mm in the shoulders or hips) were observed. The patients with bone cysts spent significantly more time on cuprophane dialysis and significantly less time on AN 69 dialysis than the group of patients without bone cysts. Nine of the 14 patients who had been treated with cuprophane for more than 8 years had bone cysts; whereas bone cysts were observed in only 2 of the 12 patients dialyzed for more than 8 years with AN 69. The frequency of bone cysts was significantly different for each of the two groups. There was, however, no significant difference in the total duration of dialysis between the two groups. The severity of the cystic bone lesions correlated positively with the duration of dialysis using cuprophane and negatively with the duration of dialysis using AN 69. These findings suggest that the development of osteoarticular amyloidosis may be related to the type of dialysis membrane used. Hemodialysis using AN 69 membranes may prevent, or at least postpone the development of dialysis amyloidosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          11 December 2008
          : 60
          : 3
          : 268-273
          Affiliations
          Departments of aNephrology and bOrthopedic Surgery, Akita Kumiai General Hospital, Akita, Japan, and Department of cMedicine II, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan
          Article
          186764 Nephron 1992;60:268–273
          10.1159/000186764
          1565178
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Dialysis membranes, Dialysis amyloidosis, Bone cysts

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