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      Adolescent and Smoking-seeking Behaviour

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      Asian Journal of Quality of Life

      e-IPH Ltd.

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          Abstract

          Age at start smoking was a determinant factor of smoking-seeking behaviour in adulthood. This study investigated the association of smoking at adolescence age with Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) level and their nicotine-seeking behaviour in one of the campuses in Malaysia. Results showed that there was no correlation between age at start smoking and FTND level. Boredom, depression and anxiety lead them to smoke. Smoking rate and nicotine exposure duration could be the factors of a low level of FTND. Busy in daily life makes the respondent disregard about smoking.

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          Most cited references 9

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          The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire

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            Nicotine addiction.

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              The association between cigarette smoking and DSM-IV nicotine dependence among first year college students.

              This study was undertaken to evaluate the association between cigarette smoking behavior and DSM-IV nicotine dependence. Drawing on a sample of first year college students selected for representation across a continuum of smoking behavior, current DSM-IV nicotine dependence criteria were assessed among participants reporting any smoking in the preceding week on a web-based survey protocol. Logistic regression and receiver operator characteristic analyses were used to estimate the overall concordance between smoking and DSM-IV nicotine dependence. Relationships were supported between both quantity and frequency of smoking in the past week and DSM-IV nicotine dependence showing higher prevalence of dependence at higher levels of use (p<0.05). While the highest prevalence of nicotine dependence was seen among those reporting the most frequent and heavy smoking, a substantial number of participants reporting daily and/or heavy smoking did not meet criteria for nicotine dependence. Conversely, nicotine dependence was seen among a subgroup of participants reporting relatively low levels of non-daily smoking. Diagnostic concordance was found to be moderate for both quantity and frequency and was not improved by combining information from these two indices. Aside from confirming DSM-IV nicotine dependence at relatively low levels of smoking, these results may be used to inform research aimed at identifying samples of nicotine dependent youth across the range of smoking levels.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Asian Journal of Quality of Life
                AjQoL
                e-IPH Ltd.
                2398-4279
                January 06 2018
                January 06 2018
                : 3
                : 9
                : 1
                Article
                10.21834/ajqol.v3i9.72
                © 2018

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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