Ann Hellström a,b , Marita Aronsson c , Cecilia Axelson a , Mårten Kyllerman c , Svenni Kopp d , Susanne Steffenburg d , Kerstin Strömland b , Otto Westphal a , Lars-Martin Wiklund e , Kerstin Albertsson Wikland a
17 November 2004
The data in this article are based on investigations performed in 25 children with suspected septo-optic dysplasia (SOD). There are many signs and methods that help in the diagnosis of SOD. In particular, the ocular fundus, abnormalities of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis and other midline brain structures should be described. In order to achieve a more holistic and functional diagnosis, the degree of neurological, neuropsychiatric and psychological involvement should also be stated. It has been suggested that SOD is associated with autosomal recessive inheritance, and it can be speculated that it is the result of genetic and environmental influences early in gestation. An early diagnosis can favourably influence the outcome of the affected child.