Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: not found

TbetaR-I(6A) is a candidate tumor susceptibility allele.

Cancer research

metabolism, Alleles, Analysis of Variance, Breast Neoplasms, ethnology, genetics, Case-Control Studies, Colonic Neoplasms, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Germinoma, Activin Receptors, Type I, Heterozygote, Homozygote, Humans, Male, Neoplasms, Ovarian Neoplasms, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Transfection, Transforming Growth Factor beta

Read this article at

ScienceOpenPubMed
Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      We have previously described a type I transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta receptor (TbetaR-I) polymorphic allele, TbetaR-I(6A), that has a deletion of three alanines from a nine-alanine stretch. We observed a higher than expected number of TbetaR-I(6A) homozygotes among tumor and nontumor DNA from patients with a diagnosis of cancer. To test the hypothesis that TbetaR-I(6A) homozygosity is associated with cancer, we performed a case-control study in patients with a diagnosis of cancer and matched healthy individuals with no history of cancer and who were identical in their gender and their geographical and ethnic background to determine the relative germ-line frequencies of this allele. We found nine TbetaR-I(6A) homozygotes among 851 patients with cancer. In comparison, there were no TbetaR-I(6A) homozygotes among 735 healthy volunteers (P < 0.01). We also observed an excess of TbetaR-I(6A) heterozygotes in cancer cases compared to controls (14.6% versus 10.6%; P = 0.02, Fisher's exact test). A subset analysis revealed that 4 of 112 patients with colorectal cancer were TbetaR-I(6A) homozygotes (P < 0.01). Using mink lung epithelial cell lines devoid of TbetaR-I, we established stably transfected TbetaR-I and TbetaR-I(6A) cell lines. We found that, compared to TbetaR-I, TbetaR-I(6A) was impaired as a mediator of TGF-beta antiproliferative signals. We conclude that TbetaR-I(6A) acts as a tumor susceptibility allele that may contribute to the development of cancer, especially colon cancer, by means of reduced TGF-beta-mediated growth inhibition.

      Related collections

      Author and article information

      Journal
      10582683

      Comments

      Comment on this article