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      A review of medical robotics for minimally invasive soft tissue surgery

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          Abstract

          This paper provides an overview of recent trends and developments in medical robotics for minimally invasive soft tissue surgery, with a view to highlight some of the issues posed and solutions proposed in the literature. The paper includes a thorough review of the literature, which focuses on soft tissue surgical robots developed and published in the last five years (between 2004 and 2008) in indexed journals and conference proceedings. Only surgical systems were considered; imaging and diagnostic devices were excluded from the review. The systems included in this paper are classified according to the following surgical specialties: neurosurgery; eye surgery and ear, nose, and throat (ENT); general, thoracic, and cardiac surgery; gastrointestinal and colorectal surgery; and urologic surgery. The systems are also cross-classified according to their engineering design and robotics technology, which is included in tabular form at the end of the paper. The review concludes with an overview of the field, along with some statistical considerations about the size, geographical spread, and impact of medical robotics for soft tissue surgery today.

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          Most cited references 43

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          A Platform with Six Degrees of Freedom

           D. Stewart (2016)
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            Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: initial short-term experience.

            To determine the feasibility and efficacy of a laparoscopic approach to the radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). A transperitoneal laparoscopic technique was developed to perform an RRP. Intra-abdominal access was obtained through five 10-mm trocars. After dissection of the prostate, the urethrovesical anastomosis was created via a transvesical approach. The prostate was removed by extending the umbilical incision. Between September 1991 and May 1995, nine laparoscopic RRPs were performed. The operative time averaged 9.4 hours. Only 1 of 9 patients had a positive surgical margin that involved the urethra. Six of 9 patients were completely continent postoperatively. Of the 4 patients who were potent preoperatively, 2 continued to have erections. There were three complications: cholecystitis, thrombophlebitis associated with a pulmonary embolism, and a small bowel hernia into a trocar site. Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is feasible but currently offers no advantage over open surgery with regard to tumor removal, continence, potency, length of stay, convalescence, and cosmetic result.
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              Medical robotics in computer-integrated surgery

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
                Proc Inst Mech Eng H
                SAGE Publications
                0954-4119
                2041-3033
                July 30 2009
                May 2010
                July 30 2009
                May 2010
                : 224
                : 5
                : 653-679
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK
                Article
                10.1243/09544119JEIM591
                20718269
                © 2010

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