Disinhibition is a common focus in psychopathology research. However, use of inhibition
models often is piecemeal, lacking an overarching taxonomy of inhibitory processes.
The author organizes key concepts and models pertaining to different kinds of inhibitory
control from the cognitive and temperament/personality literatures. Within the rubrics
of executive inhibitory processes, motivational inhibitory processes, and automatic
attentional inhibition processes, 8 kinds of inhibition are distinguished. Three basic
temperament traits may address key executive and motivational inhibitory processes.
Future developmental psychopathology research should be based on a systematic conceptual
taxonomy of the kinds of inhibitory function relevant to a given disorder. Such an
approach can clarify which inhibition distinctions are correct and which inhibition
deficits go with which disorders.