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      Long-Term Risk of Death, Cardiac Events and Recurrent Chest Pain in Patients with Acute Chest Pain of Different Origin

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          Abstract

          The purpose of the study was to describe the prognosis of patients with acute chest pain of different origin, but without myocardial infarction (non-AMI). A total of 204 patients were included. In 56, a definite diagnosis was obtained within 24-48 h of admission. The remaining 148 patients underwent the following examinations: exercise test, myocardial scintigraphy, echocardiography, Holier monitoring, hyperventilation test, oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy, oesophageal manometry, oesophageal pH monitoring, Bernstein test, physical chest wall examination, bronchial histamine test, chest X-ray and ultrasonic upper abdominal examination. Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) was diagnosed in 64 patients, 81 had gastro-oesophageal disorders, 58 chest wall disorders, 9 pericarditis, 5 pulmonary embolism, 4 pneumonia/pleuritis, 3 pulmonary cancer, 2 dissecting aortic aneurysm, 1 aortic stenosis and 1 herpes zoster. During follow-up of 33 months, 31 of the 64 patients with IHD had a cardiac event (cardiac deaths, non-fatal AMI, bypass surgery or PTCA), whereas only 3 events occurred among the 140 patients without IHD (p < 0.00001). However, the frequency of readmissions and of recurrent episodes of chest pain were similar in the 3 major diagnostic groups (NS). To conclude, the high-risk subset of a non-AMI population can be identified by means of non-invasive cardiac examination. The remainder who have other diagnoses are at low risk. However, the morbidity is high with frequent readmissions and recurrent episodes of chest pain and the need for development of strategies with regard to diagnosis and treatment of these patients are emphasized.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1996
          1996
          19 November 2008
          : 87
          : 1
          : 60-66
          Affiliations
          aMedical Department B, and bDepartment of Clinical Physiology, Hillerød Hospital, cDepartment of Clinical Physiology 4011 University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, dDepartment of Rheumatology and Physical Medicine, Hillerød Sygehus, Denmark
          Article
          177061 Cardiology 1996;87:60–66
          10.1159/000177061
          8631047
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Coronary Care

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