Abstract The Tribe Wisterieae (Zhu 1994), founded on the single genus Wisteria , is emended and recircumscribed based on morphology and data from nuclear ITS and ndhJ-trnF, matK and rbcL chloroplast DNA sequences. This newly enlarged tribe comprises 36 species and 9 infraspecific taxa within 13 described genera. Six genera are new, two are reinstated and five were previously placed in Tribe Millettieae . The genus Adinobotrys is also reinstated comprising two species including the new combination A. vastus . Other reinstated genera include Whitfordiodendron , with four species, and Padbruggea , with three species, including the reinstatement of P. filipes and the new combination P. filipes var. tomentosa . The existing genera Afgekia , Callerya , Endosamara (with the new combination E. racemosa var. pallida ), Sarcodum and Wisteria , with the new combinations W. frutescens subsp. macrostachya are evaluated. The new genera comprise three Australasian species in Austrocallerya : A. australis , A. megasperma and A. pilipes ; Wisteriopsis with five species from east Asia has six new combinations: W. japonica , W. kiangsiensis , W. championii , W. eurybotrya , W. reticulata and W. reticulata var. stenophylla . Two species comprise the new Thai genus Kanburia : K. tenasserimensis and K. chlorantha . Nanhaia comprises the two species: N. fordii and N. speciosa and the monotypic genera Sigmoidala and Serawaia are based respectively on the species S. kityana and S. strobilifera . Lectotypes are designated for the names Adinobotrys filipes , A. myrianthus , Millettia bonatiana , Millettia bracteosa , Millettia championii , Millettia cinerea , Millettia dielsiana , Millettia kityana , M. maingayi , Millettia nitida , Millettia oocarpa , Millettia purpurea , M. reticulata , M. reticulata var. stenophylla , Padbruggea dasyphylla , Pterocarpus australis , Robinia racemosa , Whitfordiodendron scandens , W. sumatranum and Wisteria pallida . A neotype is designated for the name Millettia leiogyna .