Takahiko Noro 1 , 2 , 3 , Kazuhiko Namekata 1 , Atsuko Kimura 1 , Yuriko Azuchi 1 , Nanako Hashimoto 4 , Keiko Moriya-Ito 4 , 5 , Yuji Komaki 2 , Chia-Ying Lee 2 , Norio Okahara 2 , Xiaoli Guo 1 , Chikako Harada 1 , Euido Kim 1 , 3 , Tadashi Nakano 3 , Hiroshi Tsuneoka 3 , Takashi Inoue 2 , Erika Sasaki 2 , Hironobu Tokuno 5 , Takayuki Harada , 1
16 October 2019
The common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus) is a non-human primate that provides valuable models for neuroscience and aging research due to its anatomical similarities to humans and relatively short lifespan. This study was carried out to examine whether aged marmosets develop glaucoma, as seen in humans. We found that 11% of the aged marmosets presented with glaucoma-like characteristics; this incident rate is very similar to that in humans. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a significant volume loss in the visual cortex, and histological analyses confirmed the degeneration of the lateral geniculate nuclei and visual cortex in the affected marmosets. These marmosets did not have elevated intraocular pressure, but showed an increased oxidative stress level, low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, and low brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and TrkB expression in the retina, optic nerve head and CSF. Our findings suggest that marmosets have potential to provide useful information for the research of eye and the visual system.