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      Phosphate Framework Electrode Materials for Sodium Ion Batteries

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          Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) have been considered as a promising alternative for the next generation of electric storage systems due to their similar electrochemistry to Li‐ion batteries and the low cost of sodium resources. Exploring appropriate electrode materials with decent electrochemical performance is the key issue for development of sodium ion batteries. Due to the high structural stability, facile reaction mechanism and rich structural diversity, phosphate framework materials have attracted increasing attention as promising electrode materials for sodium ion batteries. Herein, we review the latest advances and progresses in the exploration of phosphate framework materials especially related to single‐phosphates, pyrophosphates and mixed‐phosphates. We provide the detailed and comprehensive understanding of structure–composition–performance relationship of materials and try to show the advantages and disadvantages of the materials for use in SIBs. In addition, some new perspectives about phosphate framework materials for SIBs are also discussed. Phosphate framework materials will be a competitive and attractive choice for use as electrodes in the next‐generation of energy storage devices.

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          Most cited references 267

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            The high-throughput highway to computational materials design.

            High-throughput computational materials design is an emerging area of materials science. By combining advanced thermodynamic and electronic-structure methods with intelligent data mining and database construction, and exploiting the power of current supercomputer architectures, scientists generate, manage and analyse enormous data repositories for the discovery of novel materials. In this Review we provide a current snapshot of this rapidly evolving field, and highlight the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.
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              Sodium ion insertion in hollow carbon nanowires for battery applications.

              Hollow carbon nanowires (HCNWs) were prepared through pyrolyzation of a hollow polyaniline nanowire precursor. The HCNWs used as anode material for Na-ion batteries deliver a high reversible capacity of 251 mAh g(-1) and 82.2% capacity retention over 400 charge-discharge cycles between 1.2 and 0.01 V (vs Na(+)/Na) at a constant current of 50 mA g(-1) (0.2 C). Excellent cycling stability is also observed at an even higher charge-discharge rate. A high reversible capacity of 149 mAh g(-1) also can be obtained at a current rate of 500 mA g(-1) (2C). The good Na-ion insertion property is attributed to the short diffusion distance in the HCNWs and the large interlayer distance (0.37 nm) between the graphitic sheets, which agrees with the interlayered distance predicted by theoretical calculations to enable Na-ion insertion in carbon materials.

                Author and article information

                [ 1 ] College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences Hubei Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Power SourcesWuhan University Wuhan 430072P.R. China
                [ 2 ] College of ChemistryCentral China Normal University Wuhan 430079P.R. China
                Author notes
                Adv Sci (Weinh)
                Adv Sci (Weinh)
                Advanced Science
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                18 January 2017
                May 2017
                : 4
                : 5 ( doiID: 10.1002/advs.v4.5 )
                5441506 10.1002/advs.201600392 ADVS277
                © 2017 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

                This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Figures: 18, Tables: 0, Pages: 21, Words: 14572
                Funded by: National Key Research Program of China
                Award ID: 2016YFB0901501
                Funded by: National Science Foundation of China
                Award ID: 21373155
                Award ID: 21333007
                Custom metadata
                May 2017
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_NLMPMC version:5.0.9 mode:remove_FC converted:23.05.2017


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