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      ‘Tired, afraid, breathless … .’ An international survey of the exercise experience for people living with pulmonary hypertension

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          Patients with pulmonary hypertension are more sedentary than the general population, but attitudes and experiences that may influence their exercise behaviour remain poorly understood. This study identified patterns of behaviour, attitudes towards exercise, barriers and enablers of exercise for people living with pulmonary hypertension. Accessibility of rehabilitation services from a patient perspective was also explored. A voluntary, international survey of people living with pulmonary hypertension was conducted, with mixed quantitative and qualitative data collection. Data from 187 participants in 19 countries were included in the analyses. In total, 52% (95/183) of people with pulmonary hypertension reported that they attempted to engage in regular physical activity. This was less than the proportion who did so prior to diagnosis (61%, 112/184, p = 0.006) and was accompanied by uncertainty and anxiety about exercise. In total, 63% (113/180) of the cohort reported experiencing previous adverse events while exercising, which was associated with a greater likelihood of ongoing exercise concerns and anxiety. Fear, frustration and uncertainty about exercise were noted as common barriers to engaging in exercise with pulmonary hypertension. Other barriers to exercise included intrinsic factors such as debilitating breathlessness and fatigue, and external factors such as cost and access to appropriate services. Most respondents (76%, 128/169) did not have access to a multi-disciplinary rehabilitation service, although an overwhelming majority (92%, 159/172) reported that this would be helpful. Respondents rated education; a supervised, structured exercise programme; and psychology input as the most important components of a multi-disciplinary rehabilitation service for pulmonary hypertension. Health professionals must work together with consumers to co-design rehabilitation services that will facilitate exercise and increased activity for people living with pulmonary hypertension.

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          Most cited references 31

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          Research electronic data capture (REDCap) is a novel workflow methodology and software solution designed for rapid development and deployment of electronic data capture tools to support clinical and translational research. We present: (1) a brief description of the REDCap metadata-driven software toolset; (2) detail concerning the capture and use of study-related metadata from scientific research teams; (3) measures of impact for REDCap; (4) details concerning a consortium network of domestic and international institutions collaborating on the project; and (5) strengths and limitations of the REDCap system. REDCap is currently supporting 286 translational research projects in a growing collaborative network including 27 active partner institutions.
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            The Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) data management platform was developed in 2004 to address an institutional need at Vanderbilt University, then shared with a limited number of adopting sites beginning in 2006. Given bi-directional benefit in early sharing experiments, we created a broader consortium sharing and support model for any academic, non-profit, or government partner wishing to adopt the software. Our sharing framework and consortium-based support model have evolved over time along with the size of the consortium (currently more than 3200 REDCap partners across 128 countries). While the "REDCap Consortium" model represents only one example of how to build and disseminate a software platform, lessons learned from our approach may assist other research institutions seeking to build and disseminate innovative technologies.
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              2015 ESC/ERS Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension: The Joint Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS): Endorsed by: Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC), International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT).


                Author and article information

                Pulm Circ
                Pulm Circ
                Pulmonary Circulation
                SAGE Publications (Sage UK: London, England )
                16 November 2020
                Oct-Dec 2020
                : 10
                : 4
                [1 ]Department of Rehabilitation, St Vincent’s Hospital Sydney, NSW, Australia
                [2 ]St Vincent’s Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
                [3 ]Department of Cardiology, St Vincent’s Hospital Sydney, NSW, Australia
                [4 ]Department of Rheumatology, Western Sydney Local Health District, Westmead, NSW, Australia
                [5 ]Ringgold 7800, universityUNSW; Rural Clinical School, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia
                Author notes
                Karen S.W. Chia, Sacred Heart Rehabilitation, 170 Darlinghurst Road, NSW 2010, Australia. Email: Karen.chia@ 123456me.com
                © The Author(s) 2020

                Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages ( https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

                Funded by: Royal Australasian College of Physicians, FundRef https://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.13039/501100001232;
                Award ID: Australasian Faculty of Rehabilitation Research En
                Funded by: St Vincent's Clinic Foundation;
                Award ID: Multi-disciplinary Research Grant
                Original Research Article
                Custom metadata
                October-December 2020


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