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Sleep-disordered breathing in patients with the Brugada syndrome.

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      Abstract

      We investigated breathing patterns and the occurrence of arrhythmias and ST-segment changes during sleep in patients with Brugada syndrome. Patients with Brugada syndrome are more likely to die from ventricular arrhythmias during sleep. ST-segment changes have been correlated with risk of sudden cardiac death. Whether sleep disturbances may contribute to arrhythmogenesis is unknown. Patients with Brugada syndrome underwent overnight polysomnography with simultaneous 12-lead electrocardiographic recording. A control group matched by age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) also underwent polysomnography. Twenty patients were included (50 ± 15 years old, 75% men). Despite their normal BMI (24.7 ± 2.7 kg/m(2)), 45% had sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), with a mean apnea-hypopnea index of 17.2 ± 14 events/hour. In patients with a high risk of arrhythmias, 5 (63%) had SDB. In the control group, 27% had SDB. Atrial or ventricular arrhythmias were not observed. Spontaneous ST-segment changes occurred in 2 patients over 45 different time points. Most ST-segment changes were observed during rapid eye movement sleep (31%) or within 1 minute of arousals (44%). Regarding respiratory events, 25 (56%) of ST-segment changes were related to occurrence of apnea or hypopnea. In conclusion, patients with Brugada syndrome have a high prevalence of SDB even in the setting of normal BMI. The higher incidence of nocturnal death in patients with Brugada syndrome may be conceivably related to co-morbid SDB. Moreover, autonomic instability encountered in rapid eye movement sleep and arousals could potentiate the risk of arrhythmias.

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      Affiliations
      [1 ] Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA.
      Journal
      Am. J. Cardiol.
      The American journal of cardiology
      Elsevier BV
      1879-1913
      0002-9149
      Mar 01 2011
      : 107
      : 5
      21247540 S0002-9149(10)02241-1 10.1016/j.amjcard.2010.10.046 3481999 NIHMS269609

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