Early diagnosis of children with developmental difficulties is one of the most important
segments in the process of rehabilitation. It is not only an assessment and evaluation
of the functional conditions, but also and detection of the possibilities for treatment
and it’s improvement.In our presentation we give the first noticing for diagnostics
of children with developmental difficulties in the Republic of Macedonia, the present
capacities, possibilities, needs and suggestions for it’s improvement and advancement.
Speaking about that we stress the need of multidisciplinary and complete professional
team in the present institutions and solving out a number of problems that exist on
that plan. It especially relates to the unique terminology, the procedure and involvement
of defectologists in the diagnostic process.Having in mind the bio-psycho and social
aspects of the personality of children with developmental difficulties, together with
the need of a complex diagnostic procedure, we have tried to give the professional
activities of all the profiles of professionals that take part in the diagnostic process.
So, we give a review of the work of:· physician-pediatrician who is involved in the
diagnostics of all children· audiologist who is involved in the diagnostics of children
with damaged hearing from a medical point of view.· the clinical psychologist who
works in the institute for medical rehabilitation and whose task is to prepare and
realize all the necessary tests for the personality of the child with developmental
difficulties.· physiologist for children with somatic damages.· neuropsychiatrist
for children with psychological difficulties· specialist for eye diseases giving
his report about the child’s damaged eyesight etc.We consider that we shouldn’t neglect
the role of the defectologist, his examinations on psycho-motor status, speech, i.
e. the functions of the individual in relation to the social aspect in a close connection
with the space and time, as a prognosis for treatment.All the findings got in the
assessment of the child’s damages, should be synchronized and synthesized, agreed
in the last assessment showing that this is a very complex and responsible task. That
will depend on the professional approach, before all on the team work.