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      Urinary Retinol-Binding Protein as a Prognostic Marker in Glomerulopathies

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          Tubulointerstitial involvement seems to have a decisive influence on the progression of glomerular diseases. We have prospectively evaluated the levels of urinary retinol-binding protein (urRBP), a marker of proximal tubular dysfunction, in patients with different glomerulopathies (GPs) and correlated these levels with disease progression. By studying 238 patients with GPs, we found that urRBP tend to be lower in minimal change disease, glomerular hematuria and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis as compared to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous nephropathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. By following 149 patients for up to 10 years, we have concluded that high levels of urRBP can identify patients who will progress with loss of renal function (defined as doubling of serum creatinine level) and that a urRBP level >1 mg/l was an efficient and independent indicator of poor prognosis as shown by multivariate analysis. This prediction was possible at a time when serum creatinine and creatinine clearance were still in the normal range. Our data suggest that this laboratory test adds important clinical information to the follow-up of GPs.

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          Urinary Retinol-Binding Protein as a Prognostic Marker in the Treatment of Nephrotic Syndrome

          We studied the urinary levels of retinol-binding protein (urRBP), an index of proximal tubular dysfunction, in patients with nephrotic syndrome before and approximately 2 months after the beginning of steroid therapy as a predictor of response to therapy which included for some patients courses of immunosuppressive drugs. Those patients with minimal-change disease, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, and focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis who had normal pretreatment urRBP levels were responsive to treatment; occasionally, responsive patients had an initially elevated urRBP level which normalized during treatment. Contrariwise, those patients with abnormally high levels of urRBP which did not normalize during treatment did not respond to treatment. The chance of a patient with minimal-change disease, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, or focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis and a pretreatment urRBP level equal to or >1.0 mg/l being resistant to steroid treatment is 30 times that of a patient with a urRBP level <1.0 mg/l and even higher, if we consider the levels obtained during treatment.

            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            April 2002
            08 April 2002
            : 90
            : 4
            : 424-431
            Division of Nephrology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
            54730 Nephron 2002;90:424–431
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 21, Pages: 8
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