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      Plasma Levels of Brain Natriuretic Peptide Increase in Patients with Idiopathic Bilateral Atrial Dilatation


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          Idiopathic bilateral atrial dilatation (IBAD) is an extremely rare anomaly and is usually associated with atrial fibrillation. Plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) have been shown to increase in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, secretion of ANP and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with IBAD remains unclear. We investigated the clinical features of 9 patients with IBAD and 16 age- and sex-matched patients with lone atrial fibrillation (LAF). Plasma levels of ANP and BNP were measured, and echocardiographic parameters were followed. Left (LAV) and right atrial volumes (RAV) were significantly higher in patients with IBAD than in patients with LAF (both p < 0.01). There were no differences between patients with IBAD and LAF in other echocardiographic parameters. The percent increases in LAV and RAV in patients with IBAD exceeded those in patients with LAF (both p < 0.01). Plasma levels of BNP and the BNP/ANP ratios in patients with IBAD were significantly higher than those in patients with LAF (both p < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in plasma levels of ANP. Regarding the clinical course of the patients with IBAD compared with those with LAF, the atrial volume increased gradually, and plasma levels of BNP were significantly higher. These findings suggested that IBAD was not only influenced by long-term atrial fibrillation, but also by subclinical left ventricular dysfunction.

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          A new natriuretic peptide in porcine brain.

          Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a hormone secreted from mammalian atria, regulates the homoeostatic balance of body fluid and blood pressure. ANP-like immunoreactivity is also present in the brain, suggesting that the peptide functions as a neuropeptide. We report here identification in porcine brain of a novel peptide of 26 amino-acid residues, eliciting a pharmacological spectrum very similar to that of ANP, such as natriuretic-diuretic, hypotensive and chick rectum relaxant activities. The complete amino-acid sequence determined for the peptide is remarkably similar to but definitely distinct from the known sequence of ANP, indicating that the genes for the two are distinct. Thus, we have designated the peptide 'brain natriuretic peptide' (BNP). The occurrence of BNP with ANP in mammalian brain suggests the possibility that the physiological functions so far thought to be mediated by ANP may be regulated through a dual mechanism involving both ANP and BNP.
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            Biochemical detection of left-ventricular systolic dysfunction

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              Natriuretic peptide levels in atrial fibrillation


                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                March 2002
                07 March 2002
                : 97
                : 1
                : 12-17
                Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo Urayasu Hospital, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan
                47413 Cardiology 2002;97:12–17
                © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 16, Pages: 6
                General Cardiology


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