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      Detection of Björk-Shiley Convexo-Concave Heart Valve Outlet Strut Single Leg Separations: Consensus Image Acquisition and Interpretation Using Two Different Cineradiographic Imaging Technologies

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          Abstract

          Background: Conventional cineradiology has been used clinically to detect partially broken outlet struts (single leg separations, SLSs) in normally functioning Björk-Shiley convexo-concave (C/C) heart valves. The value of radiographic screening has, however, been debated in the medical literature. This study uses the same radiographic technique in sheep implanted with known-status C/C valves in combination with a newly developed geometric image magnification radiography system. This study was designed to test whether sensitivity and specificity of radiographic screening of C/C valves in detecting SLSs could be improved through the combination of readers and imaging modalities. Methods: Twenty-one sheep with mitral C/C valves were studied on both systems. Five were used for extensive scanning training. When operators were expert on both systems, 16 blinded study valves (4 intact and 12 with outlet strut SLSs) were scanned twice on both systems, first on a modified conventional and then a prototype geometric image magnification (Feinfocus<sup>TM</sup>) cineradiographic system by two expert physicians working together. Results: Among the 32 scanned valves, the two combined expert physicians were required to evaluate 40 intact legs and 24 with an SLS. For all SLS valves, the conventional and Feinfocus systems separately detected 50 (12/24) and 54% (13/24), respectively. When the two systems were combined, the final consensus score was correct in 67% (16/24) of all SLS valves. Conclusions: Combined modality, paired expert physicians detected 67% of all SLSs. The Feinfocus system might be best reserved for those patients in whom the Siemens screening study demonstrates in minimally suspicious (grade 2) or suspicious (grade 3) appearance of a C/C valve outlet strut leg.

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          Radiographic Detection of Strut Separations in Björk–Shiley Convexo-Concave Mitral Valves

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            Radiographic Detection of Single Strut Leg Separations as a Putative Basis for Prophylactic Explantation of Björk-Shiley Convexo-Concave Heart Valves

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              CRD
              Cardiology
              10.1159/issn.0008-6312
              Cardiology
              S. Karger AG
              0008-6312
              1421-9751
              1999
              August 1999
              06 August 1999
              : 91
              : 2
              : 96-101
              Affiliations
              Departments of aRadiology, dComparative Medicine and eCardiothoracic Surgery, bDivision of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, and cCenter for Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, Penn State University, Hershey, Penn., USA
              Article
              6887 Cardiology 1999;91:96–101
              10.1159/000006887
              10449880
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 12, Pages: 6
              Categories
              Cardiac Surgery

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