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      Muster, Entwicklungstypen und Persönlichkeit : Zur Rolle des Sports für das Selbstkonzept Heranwachsender

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          Abstract

          Studien zu Sozialisationswirkungen sportlicher Aktivitäten auf Facetten der Persönlichkeit (z. B. Selbstkonzept) haben sich bislang in der Regel auf die Analyse isolierter Effekte des Sports konzentriert, ohne weitere Entwicklungskontexte (wie z. B. die Familie) angemessen zu berücksichtigen. Da hierin eine wesentliche Ursache für die unbefriedigende Befundlage gesehen wird, bemüht sich der Beitrag darum, die Rolle des Sports für das Selbstkonzept im komplexen Wirkungsgeflecht verschiedener Entwicklungskontexte herauszuarbeiten. 121 Heranwachsende wurden in einer personorientierten Längsschnittsstudie untersucht und die Daten mit der LICUR-Methode (z. B. Bergman, Magnusson & El-Khouri, 2003) ausgewertet. Die dabei identifizierten Subgruppen unterscheiden sich in allen untersuchten Facetten des Selbstkonzepts bedeutsam, zeigen sowohl zeitstabile als auch dynamische Werteprofile ihrer Entwicklungsfaktoren und folgen überzufällig häufig einzelnen Entwicklungswegen. Aus diesen Befunden werden Konsequenzen für eine ganzheitliche und funktionale Selbstkonzeptförderung durch Sport abgeleitet.

          Pattern, developmental type, and personality: The role of sport for the adolescent self-concept

          Studies exploring the socialisation effects of sports activities on facets of personality (e. g., self-concept) have generally concentrated on the analysis of isolated effects of sports so far, without taking proper account of other developmental contexts (e. g., family). Since this is considered to be a key explanation for the unsatisfactory results to date, our paper attempts to establish the role of sports for the self-concept within the complex network of different developmental contexts. One hundred and twenty one adolescents were investigated in a person-oriented longitudinal study, and data was analysed with the LICUR method (e. g., Bergman, Magnusson, & El-Khouri, 2003). The sub-groups identified differed significantly in all facets of self-concept investigated, displaying a profile of scores for their developmental factors that were both stable over time and dynamics, and followed specific developmental paths at an above-random frequency. These findings are used to formulate recommendations for a holistic and functional promotion of a positive self-concept through sports.

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          Most cited references 38

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          Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews.

           Mavis Asare,  S Biddle (2011)
          To synthesise reviews investigating physical activity and depression, anxiety, self-esteem and cognitive functioning in children and adolescents and to assess the association between sedentary behaviour and mental health by performing a brief review. Searches were performed in 2010. Inclusion criteria specified review articles reporting chronic physical activity and at least one mental health outcome that included depression, anxiety/stress, self-esteem and cognitive functioning in children or adolescents. Four review articles reported evidence concerning depression, four for anxiety, three for self-esteem and seven for cognitive functioning. Nine primary studies assessed associations between sedentary behaviour and mental health. Physical activity has potentially beneficial effects for reduced depression, but the evidence base is limited. Intervention designs are low in quality, and many reviews include cross-sectional studies. Physical activity interventions have been shown to have a small beneficial effect for reduced anxiety, but the evidence base is limited. Physical activity can lead to improvements in self-esteem, at least in the short term. However, there is a paucity of good quality research. Reviews on physical activity and cognitive functioning have provided evidence that routine physical activity can be associated with improved cognitive performance and academic achievement, but these associations are usually small and inconsistent. Primary studies showed consistent negative associations between mental health and sedentary behaviour. Association between physical activity and mental health in young people is evident, but research designs are often weak and effects are small to moderate. Evidence shows small but consistent associations between sedentary screen time and poorer mental health.
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            Self-Concept: Validation of Construct Interpretations

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              An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, 2nd Edn

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                spo
                Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie
                Hogrefe Verlag, Göttingen
                1612-5010
                2190-6300
                Oktober 2013
                : 20
                : 4
                : 150-162
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Universität Bern, Institut für Sportwissenschaft
                Author notes
                Achim Conzelmann, Mario Müller, Mirko Schmidt, Marc Zibung, Universität Bern, Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Bremgartenstrasse 145, 3012 Bern, Schweiz, E-Mail: achim.conzelmann@ 123456ispw.unibe.ch
                Article
                spo_20_4_150
                10.1026/1612-5010/a000107
                Product
                Self URI (journal-page): https://econtent.hogrefe.com/loi/spo
                Categories
                Originalia

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