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      Novel Time-domain Ultra-wide Band TEM Horn Antenna for Highway GPR Applications

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          Abstract

          Based on transmission line theory and impedance transition, we design an ultra-wideband Transverse ElectroMagnetic (TEM) horn antenna that takes advantage of index gradient structure and loading techniques and is optimized for highway Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) applications. We use numerical simulation to analyze the effects of different curved surfaces as an extension of the antenna and further improve the antenna performance by the use of a metallic reflective cavity and distributed resistor loading. We then fabricated an antenna based on the optimization results and determined the Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) of the antenna to be less than 2 for bandwidths ranging from 0.9–12.6 GHz. The waveform fidelity of the antenna is also good and when we applied this antenna to highway scenarios, it achieved good results.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Radars
          Chinese Academy of Sciences
          01 December 2017
          : 6
          : 6
          : 611-618
          Affiliations
          [1 ] ①(Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Radiation and Sensing Technology, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China) ②(University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
          [2 ] ①(Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Radiation and Sensing Technology, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China)
          Article
          0fbb28bdb3fa42a1bde10a4696ec8cf5
          10.12000/JR17004

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Categories
          Technology (General)
          T1-995

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