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      Immunosuppressive but non-LasR-inducing analogues of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing molecule N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone.

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          Abstract

          The Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing molecule N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone (1) is involved not only in bacterial activation but also in subversion of the host immune system, and this compound might thus be used as a template to design immunosuppressive agents, provided derivatives devoid of quorum-sensing activity could be discovered. By use of a leukocyte proliferation assay and a newly developed bioluminescent P. aeruginosa reporter assay, systematic modification of 1 allowed us to delineate the bacterial LasR-induction and host immunosuppressive activities. The main determinant is replacement of the methylene group proximal to the β-ketoamide in the acyl chain of 1 with functions containing heteroatoms, especially an NH group. This modification can be combined with replacement of the homoserine lactone system in 1 with stable cyclic groups. For example, we found the simple compound N(1)-(5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-N(3)-octylmalonamide (25d) to be over twice as potent as 1 as an immune suppressor while displaying LasR-induction antagonist activity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J. Med. Chem.
          Journal of medicinal chemistry
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          1520-4804
          0022-2623
          May 12 2011
          : 54
          : 9
          Affiliations
          [1 ] School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, U.K.
          Article
          10.1021/jm2001019
          21488685
          f9ba06c0-1b30-477d-9ef9-295bcc908d44

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