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      Clinical Application of Two Novel Rapid Bedside Tests for the Detection of Cardiac Troponin T and Creatine Kinase-MB Mass/Myoglobin in Whole Blood in Acute Myocardial Infarction

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          The objective of this study was to determine whether two novel rapid bedside assays for whole-blood detection of cardiac troponin T and creatine kinase (CK)-MB mass/myoglobin could rule out or rule in acute myocardial infarction in patients with acute chest pain. Ninety-two patients with chest pain <12 h prior to admission were investigated. No difference in the cumulative sensitivity of the TropT test and the CARDIAC STATus test (CK-MB mass and myoglobin in combination) was found 6 h after admission (94 vs. 97%). The cumulative positive predictive value of the TropT test and CARDIAC STATus test 6 h after admission was 97 and 76%, respectively. The negative predictive value was 97% for the TropT test and 98% for the CARDIAC STATus test at this time point. Our data show that the rapid assays provide diagnostic as well as prognostic information shortly after admission.

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          Cardiac troponin T levels for risk stratification in acute myocardial ischemia. GUSTO IIA Investigators.

          The prognosis of patients hospitalized with acute myocardial ischemia is quite variable. We examined the value of serum levels of cardiac troponin T, serum creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) levels, and electrocardiographic abnormalities for risk stratification in patients with acute myocardial ischemia. We studied 855 patients within 12 hours of the onset of symptoms. Cardiac troponin T levels, CK-MB levels, and electrocardiograms were analyzed in a blinded fashion at the core laboratory. We used logistic regression to assess the usefulness of baseline levels of cardiac troponin T and CK-MB and the electrocardiographic category assigned at admission-ST-segment elevation, ST-segment depression, T-wave inversion, or the presence of confounding factors that impair the detection of ischemia (bundle-branch block and paced rhythms)-in predicting outcome. On admission, 289 of 801 patients with base-line serum samples had elevated troponin T levels (> 0.1 ng per milliliter). Mortality within 30 days was significantly higher in these patients than in patients with lower levels of troponin T (11.8 percent vs. 3.9 percent, P < 0.001). The troponin T level was the variable most strongly related to 30-day mortality (chi-square = 21, P < 0.001), followed by the electrocardiographic category (chi-square = 14, P = 0.003) and the CK-MB level (chi-square = 11, P = 0.004). Troponin T levels remained significantly predictive of 30-day mortality in a model that contained the electrocardiographic categories and CK-MB levels (chi-square = 9.2, P = 0.027). The cardiac troponin T level is a powerful, independent risk marker in patients who present with acute myocardial ischemia. It allows further stratification of risk when combined with standard measures such as electrocardiography and the CK-MB level.
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            Electrocardiographic and clinical criteria for recognition of acute myocardial infarction based on analysis of 3,697 patients.

            Over a 34.5-month period, all admissions to 5 university hospital coronary care units were screened for eligibility for the Multicenter Investigation of the Limitation of Infarct Size (MILIS), an ongoing study of the effects of hyaluronidase, propranolol and placebo on myocardial infarct (MI) size. Of 3,697 patients with greater than or equal to 30 minutes of discomfort that was thought to reflect myocardial ischemia who were assessed for the presence or absence of certain electrocardiographic abnormalities at the time of hospital admission, the electrocardiogram was considered predictive of acute MI if greater than or equal to 1 of the following abnormalities was present: new or presumably new Q waves (greater than or equal to 30 ms wide and 0.20 mV deep) in at least 2 of the 3 diaphragmatic leads (II, III, aVF), or in at least 2 of the 6 precordial leads (V1 to V6), or in I and aVL; new or presumably new ST-segment elevation or depression of greater than or equal to 0.10 mV in 1 of the same lead combinations; or complete left bundle branch block. In the screened population, the diagnostic sensitivity of the electrocardiographic criteria was 81%, whereas the overall infarct rate in the total population screened was 49%. The diagnostic specificity of these entry criteria was 69% and the predictive value 72%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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              Troponin T Identifies Patients With Unstable Coronary Artery Disease Who Benefit From Long-Term Antithrombotic Protection fn1fn1This study was supported by grants from the Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden; the Selander’s Foundation, Uppsala, Sweden; the Uppsala County Association Against Heart and Lung Diseases, Uppsala, Sweden; Pharmacia Biosensor AB, Uppsala, Sweden; and Pharmacia AB, Stockholm, Sweden. Boehringer Mannheim Scandinavia AB, Bomma, Sweden provided the troponin T kits.


                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                March 1998
                16 March 1998
                : 89
                : 3
                : 222-228
                Department of Medicine and Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
                6791 Cardiology 1998;89:222–228
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 24, Pages: 7
                Coronary Care


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