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      Challenges in large-scale government-led sustainable development: the case of the Four Major Rivers Restoration Project

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          Abstract

          The Four Major Rivers Restoration Project (FMRRP) was a large-scale, government-led river restoration project in South Korea. This research documents and analyses the FMRRP to better understand the challenges in planning and implementing such projects. The ‘planner’s triangle’ is the conceptual framework around which we organised the relationships and conflicts between stakeholders, one that acknowledges the environmental, economic and equity aspects of the project. In addition to these three customary aspects of the planners’ triangle, we found that stakeholder (dis)trust in government may be yet another significant dimension in such projects. The data and documentation were obtained from publicly available literature, together with semi-structured stakeholder interviews. We propose a modified framework with which to better understand conflicts and controversies in large-scale, government-led sustainable-development projects.

          Most cited references47

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          Green cities, growing cities, just cities? Urban planning and the contra- dictions of sustainable development

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            Assessing public participation in U.S. cities

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              The Four Major Rivers Restoration Project of South Korea: An Assessment of Its Process, Program, and Political Dimensions

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                idpr
                International Development Planning Review
                Liverpool University Press
                1474-6743
                1478-3401
                October 2017
                : 39
                : 4
                : 399-421
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Sunjoo Park is Researcher at the Korea Institute of Public Administration, 235 Jinheung-ro, Bulgwang 1(il)-dong, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul, Seoul 135-706, Republic of Korea. email: sunny0130@ 123456gmail.com
                [ 2 ] William Bowen is Professor and Director, PhD Program in Urban Studies and Public Affairs at Cleveland State University, 1717 Euclid Blvd, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, United States. email: w.bowen@ 123456csuohio.edu
                [ 3 ] Taekyoung Lim is a PhD Candidate at Cleveland State University, 1717 Euclid Blvd, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, United States. email: lovesky8484@ 123456gmail.com
                [ 4 ] Junseop Shim is Professor at Chung-Ang University, 84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Republic of Korea; email: jsshim@ 123456cau.ac.kr
                Article
                10.3828/idpr.2017.16
                fa1f24f2-5247-4c18-84e3-6232c6db0a26
                History
                Categories
                Research Article

                Urban development,Urban design & Planning,Environmental management, Policy & Planning,Geography,Urban, Rural & Regional economics
                sustainable development,Four Major Rivers Restoration,stakeholder conflict,sustainable environmental planning,planner’s triangle

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