+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Supportive-Expressive Group Therapy for People Experiencing Collective Traumatic Crisis During the Genocide Commemoration Period in Rwanda: Impact and Implications


      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          In Rwanda, the annual commemorations of the genocide are associated with an increase in the level of collective traumatic crises whereby many people participating in commemoration activities present various symptoms, including emotional distress and re-experiencing traumatic events of the 1994 genocide. These sudden crises normally last between 30 and 120 minutes and can affect hundreds of people at big commemoration events. They are accompanied by a degree of urgency that disturbs the whole assembly. This article briefly presents an overview of these crises and highlights the results of a study on the effects of a supportive-expression group intervention in the post-crisis period for people who experienced these collective traumatic crises. The study compares the therapeutic progress made by a group of people who participated in a supportive-expression group therapy program as compared to those who did not receive the intervention. The study suggests that the supportive group intervention can improve the overall psychological wellbeing of people who experienced collective traumatic crisis even though it was ineffective for some symptoms.

          Related collections

          Most cited references40

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          The revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: concurrent and discriminant validity evidence.

          The development of an adequate assessment instrument is a necessary prerequisite for social psychological research on loneliness. Two studies provide methodological refinement in the measurement of loneliness. Study 1 presents a revised version of the self-report UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) Loneliness Scale, designed to counter the possible effects of response bias in the original scale, and reports concurrent validity evidence for the revised measure. Study 2 demonstrates that although loneliness is correlated with measures of negative affect, social risk taking, and affiliative tendencies, it is nonetheless a distinct psychological experience.
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Screening for Depression in Well Older Adults: Evaluation of a Short Form of the CES-D

              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Impact of Event Scale: a measure of subjective stress.

              Clinical, field, and experimental studies of response to potentially stressful life events give concordant findings: there is a general human tendency to undergo episodes of intrusive thinking and periods of avoidance. A scale of current subjective distress, related to a specific event, was based on a list of items composed of commonly reported experiences of intrusion and avoidance. Responses of 66 persons admitted to an outpatient clinic for the treatment of stress response syndromes indicated that the scale had a useful degree of significance and homogeneity. Empirical clusters supported the concept of subscores for intrusions and avoidance responses.

                Author and article information

                J Soc Polit Psych
                Journal of Social and Political Psychology
                J. Soc. Polit. Psych.
                22 August 2014
                : 2
                : 1
                : 469-488
                [a ]Mental Health Department, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
                [b ]Faculté de psychologie et des sciences de l’éducation, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique
                [c ]Centre de guidance de Louvain-la-Neuve, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique
                [d ]Faculté de droit - Faculté de philosophie et lettres, Université de Namur, Namur, Belgique
                [e ]Service de consultations psychosociales, Kigali, Rwanda
                [f ]Institut de recherche pour le dialogue et pour la paix, Kigali, Rwanda
                [g ]College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
                [h ]Remera-Rukoma District Hospital, Kamonyi, Rwanda
                [i ]Rwanda Biomedical Center, Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda
                [10]University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia
                Author notes
                [* ]Mental Health Department, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, P.O. Box 3286 Kigali, Rwanda. gisho3@ 123456yahoo.fr

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                : 02 December 2013
                : 01 July 2014
                Self URI (journal-page): https://journals.psychopen.eu/
                Special Thematic Section on "20 Years after Genocide: Psychology's Role in Reconciliation and Reconstruction in Rwanda"

                genocide,Rwanda,supportive-expressive group therapy,collective traumatic crisis,commemoration period


                Comment on this article