Blog
About

1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Angiotensin II Stimulates Increased Protein Synthesis, Not Increased DNA Synthesis, in Intact Rat Aortic Segments, in vitro

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          There is considerable controversy regarding whether angiotensin II (AngII) stimulates hypertrophy or hyperplasia of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). The purpose of the present study was to determine whether stretch of the vessel wall or AngII treatment increased protein or DNA synthesis in intact aortic rings in vitro and whether stretch of the vessel wall altered the growth responses to AngII. Rat aortic rings were mounted on steel supports in serum-free medium for 16 h and subjected to 0 or 1.5 g of preload (i.e. passive stretch). Fetal bovine serum (13%, FBS) or AngII [1 µM, in the presence or absence of an angiotensin receptor antagonist, losartan (DuP753) 10 µ M] was administered and isometric tension development was measured. <sup>35</sup>S-methionine (3 µCi/ml) was added to the baths at 14-16 h for measurement of protein synthesis. Passive stretch did not increase protein synthesis as compared to vessels mounted under no-preload conditions. AngII and FBS elicited similar increases in isometric tension development, but tension development in FBS-treated rings was sustained 4 times longer than in rings treated with AngII. AngII and FBS increased protein synthesis by 35 and 121%, respectively, but there was no difference in the extent of contractile agonist-induced protein synthesis between rings subjected to 0 or 1.5 g of passive stretch. Losartan totally abolished AngII-induced tension development and protein synthesis. AngII and FBS did not stimulate increased DNA synthesis in aortic rings, as measured by <sup>3</sup>H-thymidine incorporation. These results suggest that AngII stimulates hypertrophy rather than hyperplasia of fully contractile SMC in an intact vessel.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1993
          1993
          23 September 2008
          : 30
          : 2
          : 80-86
          Affiliations
          Departments of a Pharmacology and bPhysiology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Va., USA
          Article
          158979 J Vasc Res 1993;30:80–86
          10.1159/000158979
          8504199
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Research Paper

          Comments

          Comment on this article