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      Renal Findings and Glomerular Pathology in Diabetic Subjects

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          Background: To describe the relationship between proteinuria, hematuria, and renal insufficiency, on one hand, and glomerular pathology, on the other hand, in a consecutive biopsy series of diabetic patients. Subjects and Methods: All diabetic subjects (n = 200) biopsied from 1979 to 1995 at Tampere University Hospital were identified in retrospect. The clinician-based indication (any unexplained renal finding) for renal biopsy was consistent during the years and was: proteinuria alone in 68%; combined with hematuria in 10%; with renal insufficiency in 10%; with both in 9%, and with isolated hematuria or renal failure in 3%. One third of the subjects had proteinuria of ≧3 g/24 h and 16% a serum creatinine level of ≧200 µ M. Glomerulopathy was found in 171 specimens and defined as nodular diabetic (group A), diffuse diabetic (group B) and primary (group C). The 24-hour urinary protein excretion rate [mean (range)] was 3.5 (1.6–6.9), 1.0 (0.5–3.5), and 3.6 (1.1–6.6) g in groups A, B and C, respectively (ANOVA p = 0.001). The corresponding serum creatinine values [mean (SD)] were 175 (115), 105 (142) and 169 (138) µ M (p = 0.001). Results: Nodular diabetic glomerulopathy was found in 40%, diffuse diabetic glomerulopathy in 42% and primary glomerulopathy in 18%. A primary glomerulopathy was found in any indication and in both types of diabetes (prevalence range 14–26%). The best multivariate logistic regression model obtained (χ<sup>2</sup> = 13.5, p = 0.008) in predicting the presence of diabetic glomerulosclerosis (group A + B) in contrast to a primary glomerulopathy (group C) included retinopathy (p = 0.04), renal insufficiency (p = 0.03), hematuria (p = 0.12) and type of diabetes (p = 0.10). Conclusion: In this series of diabetic subjects, biopsied due to proteinuria, hematuria and not severe renal insufficiency, 18% had evidence of a primary glomerulopathy.

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          IgA Nephropathy Complicating Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis


            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            March 2000
            08 March 2000
            : 84
            : 3
            : 236-242
            Departments of aInternal Medicine and bPathology, Tampere University Hospital, and cMedical School, University of Tampere, Finland
            45583 Nephron 2000;84:236–242
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Tables: 4, References: 31, Pages: 7
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