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      Dietary live yeast (Debaryomyces hansenii) provides no advantages in tropical gar, Atractosteus tropicus (Actinopterygii: Lepisosteiformes: Lepisosteidae), juvenile aquaculture

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          Abstract

          Tropical gar, Atractosteus tropicus Gill, 1863, is an ancient freshwater fish that is commercially cultivated in southern Mexico. Currently, there is a specific diet for its culture; however, the addition of probiotics has not been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the supplementation of live yeast Debaryomyces hansenii for A. tropicus juveniles on growth, productive parameters, survival, somatic index, digestive enzyme activity, and immune system gene expressions (interleukin 10, il-10, Transforming growth factor β1, tgf-β1, and β2 microglobulin, b2m). Three experimental diets increased the dose of live yeast (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5%; 10 14, 10 15, and 10 16CFU g diet –1, respectively) and a control diet (CD; without yeast) were designed. Daily weight gain and specific growth rate were higher in fish fed with CD and 0.5% D. hansenii. High activities of trypsin, chymotrypsin LAP, and α-amylase, as well as overexpression of il-10 in the spleen, were detected in fish feed 0.5% D. hansenii. The inclusion of D. hansenii had no positive effect on aquaculture for A. tropicus, lower doses should be tested to optimize the diet.

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          Most cited references 46

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          The two most commonly used methods to analyze data from real-time, quantitative PCR experiments are absolute quantification and relative quantification. Absolute quantification determines the input copy number, usually by relating the PCR signal to a standard curve. Relative quantification relates the PCR signal of the target transcript in a treatment group to that of another sample such as an untreated control. The 2(-Delta Delta C(T)) method is a convenient way to analyze the relative changes in gene expression from real-time quantitative PCR experiments. The purpose of this report is to present the derivation, assumptions, and applications of the 2(-Delta Delta C(T)) method. In addition, we present the derivation and applications of two variations of the 2(-Delta Delta C(T)) method that may be useful in the analysis of real-time, quantitative PCR data. Copyright 2001 Elsevier Science (USA).
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            A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding

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              THE ESTIMATION OF PEPSIN, TRYPSIN, PAPAIN, AND CATHEPSIN WITH HEMOGLOBIN

               M. L. Anson (1938)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
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                Journal
                Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria
                AIeP
                Pensoft Publishers
                1734-1515
                0137-1592
                September 13 2021
                September 13 2021
                : 51
                : 3
                : 311-320
                Article
                10.3897/aiep.51.67095
                © 2021

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