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      Assessment of relationship between the use of cell phone and social networks and sleep quality in students of medical sciences: A cross-sectional study

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          Sleep quality is an essential aspect in human health and function. Considering high prevalence of using smartphones and social networks among students and their impact on sleep quality, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between the overuse of cell phone and addiction to social networks and students’ sleep quality.

          Materials and methods

          This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran in 2018. Using cluster sampling, 321 students from different disciplines were selected. Data gathering tools consisted of the questionnaire of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Cell phone use and addiction to social networks were assessed using Cell Phone Overuse Scale and a researcher-made questionnaire, respectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 19) and Pearson’s correlation test.

          Results

          The mean total score of sleep quality in students was 6.58 ± 1.05. There was a positive and significant correlation between sleep quality and social networks addiction score ( p < 0.05, r = 0.5) and cell phone overuse ( p < 0.05, r = 0.44); this is an inverse correlation, because higher scores of the total PSQI denote a lower sleep quality and, in Cell Phone Overuse Scale, higher scores shows overuse.

          Conclusions

          According to the findings of this study, there was a significant statistical relationship between the overuse of cell phone and social networks and students’ sleep quality. In other words, students who have had overuse of cell phones had poorer sleep quality. Therefore, providing effective educational programs to improve the sleep quality in this group is essential.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          imas
          1646
          Interventional Medicine and Applied Science
          IMAS
          Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
          2061-1617
          2061-5094
          :
          :
          : 1-5
          Affiliations
          [ 1 ]Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah, Iran
          [ 2 ]Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences , Semnan, Iran
          [ 3 ]Health Information Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Semnan University of Medical Sciences , Semnan, Iran
          [ 4 ]Department of Epidemiology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah, Iran
          [ 5 ]Department of Anesthesiology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah, Iran
          Author notes
          [* ]Corresponding author: Rasool Kawyannejad; Department of Anesthesiology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah 6719851351, Iran; Phone: +98 918 9699149; Fax: +98 833 8279697; E-mail: rasol_kavyan@ 123456yahoo.com
          Article
          10.1556/1646.10.2018.30
          fafa21ca-dad9-4b92-a8af-2e38b2ce6cc1
          © 2018 The Author(s)

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

          Page count
          Figures: 0, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 43, Pages: 5
          Funding
          Funding sources: All credits of this project (project number: 95313) were funded by Research and Technology Deputy of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in Iran.
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Medicine,Immunology,Health & Social care,Microbiology & Virology,Infectious disease & Microbiology
          smartphone,cell phone use,behavior,addictive,social networking,students

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