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      A Step Forward in the Conceptualization and Measurement of Parental Burnout: The Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA)


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          So far, the conceptualization and measurement of parental burnout have been deduced from those of job burnout. As a result, it is unclear whether current measures of parental burnout constitute the best representation of the parental burnout construct/syndrome: the possibility cannot be excluded that some dimensions ought to be added, which would change the structure and definition of parental burnout. In this study, the conceptualization and measurement of parental burnout were approached using an inductive method, in which the parental burnout phenomenon was (re)constructed based solely on the testimonies of burned-out parents. Items extracted from their testimonies were presented to a sample of French-speaking and English-speaking parents ( N = 901) and submitted to factor analyses. An identifiable parental burnout syndrome including four dimensions was found (exhaustion in one's parental role, contrast with previous parental self, feelings of being fed up with one's parental role and emotional distancing from one's children). The resulting instrument, the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA) presents good validity. Factorial invariance across gender and languages was also found. Finally, the results of this study replicate previous findings that psychological traits of the parents, parenting factors, and family functioning account for more variance in parental burnout than sociodemographic factors.

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          Bringing order out of chaos: Psychometric characteristics of the confusion, hubbub, and order scale

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            A Multi-Domain Self-Report Measure of Coparenting.

            OBJECTIVE: This study reports the psychometric properties of a multi-domain measure of the coparenting relationship in dual-parent families. METHOD: 152 couples participating in a transition to parenthood study completed the Coparenting Relationship Scale and additional measures during home visits at child age 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years. RESULTS: Psychometric and construct validity assessments indicated the measure performed satisfactorily. The 35-item measure demonstrated good reliability and strong stability. Subscales measuring theoretically and empirically important aspects of coparenting (coparenting agreement, coparenting closeness, exposure of child to conflict, coparenting support, coparenting undermining, endorsement of partner's parenting, and division of labor) demonstrated good reliability as well. A 14-item brief overall measure showed very strong associations with the overall measure. Relations of the full scale with a measure of social desirability were weak, and the full scale was positively associated with positive dimensions of the dyadic couple relationship (love, sex/romance, couple efficacy) and inversely associated with negative dimensions (conflict, ineffective arguing)-as expected. CONCLUSIONS: This initial examination of the Coparenting Relationship Scale suggests that it possesses good psychometric properties (reliability, stability, construct validity, and inter-rater agreement), can be flexibly administered in short and long forms, and is positioned to promote further conceptual and methodological progress in the study of coparenting.
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              Exhausted Parents: Sociodemographic, Child-Related, Parent-Related, Parenting and Family-Functioning Correlates of Parental Burnout


                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                06 June 2018
                : 9
                : 758
                Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Université catholique de Louvain , Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
                Author notes

                Edited by: Zhuo Rachel Han, Beijing Normal University, China

                Reviewed by: Dexin Shi, University of South Carolina, United States; Ai Yue, Shaanxi Normal University, China; Yuyin Wang, Sun Yat-sen University, China

                *Correspondence: Isabelle Roskam isabelle.roskam@ 123456uclouvain.be

                This article was submitted to Developmental Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2018 Roskam, Brianda and Mikolajczak.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 12 January 2018
                : 30 April 2018
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 5, Equations: 0, References: 36, Pages: 12, Words: 9815
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                parent, burnout, exhaustion, questionnaire, test, psychometrics


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