Objective To explore the effect of voluntary teaching for medical students on cardio-pulmonary resuscitation training for middle school students, and to provide a reference for education of first aid among primary and middle school students.
Methods A total of 196 students from four classes in the first grade of a middle school were selected by convenient sampling method and divided into experimental group and control group according to the class. After the two groups of students were trained in unified theory, the students in the control group were trained by the medical staff in the hospital, and the students in the experimental group were trained by the volunteers of the medical students who had been strictly trained and assessed. After the training was finished, questionnaires were sent out to investigate the effect of training.
Results Before the training, there was no significant difference in the theoretical scores between the two groups ( t = 1.18, P = 0.24). After training, the theoretical and skill scores of the experimental group were (11.43±1.53) (5.68±1.80), that of the control group were (11.35±1.77) (5.30±1.76), and there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group (t = 0.34, 1.48, P>0.05).
Conclusion The application of voluntary teaching in the training of middle school students’ cardiopulmonary resuscitation can improve the popularization rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, save medical resources effectively, and improve the practical ability of medical students.
【摘要】 目的 探讨医学生志愿教学在中学生心肺复苏培训中的应用效果, 为对中小学生进行有效的急救教育提供 参考。 方法 采用方便抽样法选取新乡市某中学初中一年级 4 个班 196 人作为研究对象, 按照班级将其分为实验组和对 照组。两组学生进行统一的理论培训后, 对照组学生由医院医护人员培训学生的技能操作, 实验组学生由经过严格培训并 考核合格的医学生志愿者进行技能训练。培训结束后发放问卷调査培训效果。 结果 培训前两组学生的理论成绩差异无 统计学意义 ( t = 1.18, P =0.24); 培训后实验组学生的理论成绩和技能成绩[(11.43±1.53) (5.68±1.80) 分] 均略髙于对照组 学生[ (11.35±1.77) (5.30±1.76) 分], 差异均无统计学意义 (t值分别为 0.34, 1.48, P 值均>0.05)。 结论 医学生志愿教学 应用于中学生心肺复苏培训中可以提髙心肺复苏普及率, 有效节省医疗资源, 还能提髙医学生的实践能力。