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      Corticotropin-Releasing Factor-Binding Protein: Origins and Possible Functions

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          Abstract

          Corticotropin-releasing hormone-binding protein (CRFBP) is a 37-kD protein of 322 amino acids, containing one putative N-glycosylation site and 11 cysteines, 10 of which remain in the mature molecule (298 amino acids) and result essential for the action. CRFBP protein gene has been cloned and mapped to the distal region of chromosome 13 and loci5q in the mouse and human genomes. CRFBP is the only example of a neuropeptide-binding protein. It is produced in human and rat brain, and in human liver and placenta. In brain, the central distribution of CRFBP shares some regional overlap with CRF receptor-binding sites. Additionally, in hypothalamic and limbic structures, CRFBP has been identified in association with CRF-expressing cell groups. CRFBP has been also demonstrated in the human placenta and related membranes. Indeed, amniotic epithelium, chorionic cytotrophoblast, and maternal decidua also show intense positive CRFBP mRNA signals. Circulating CRFBP levels in healthy nonpregnant individuals show the same range values as in maternal plasma collected during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. A rise in CRFBP levels at 30-35 weeks of pregnancy with a dramatic decrease at 38-40 weeks have been shown. At postpartum, CRFBP levels in maternal plasma reach the nonpregnant concentrations. Recombinant and native CRFBP neutralize the ACTH-releasing activity of human CRF in cultured pituitary or placental cells and, additionally, may block the activity of CRF on human pregnant endometrium prostaglandin release and on human myometrium contractility in vitro. These findings suggest that CRFBP may play a role in modulating the functions of CRF in human pregnancy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6290-4
          978-3-318-00047-4
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1996
          1996
          09 December 2008
          : 45
          : 3-5
          : 187-191
          Affiliations
          Departments of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universities of aModena, bPisa and cNapoli, Italy
          Article
          184785 Horm Res 1996;45:187–191
          10.1159/000184785
          8964581
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Hormone Binding Proteins: Physiology and Clinical Implications

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