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      Medical Treatment of Hyperprolactinemia

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          Abstract

          The current treatment of choice for primary hyperprolactinemia is medical. This is true not only for idiopathic forms, but also for micro- and macroprolactinomas, which are the most frequent causes of this pathology. Although questioned by some authors, the slow evolution of the illness, the rarity of transformation of a microadenoma into a macroadenoma, and the possibility of spontaneous cure cause most authors to favor medical treatment, with which they observe both normalization of gonadal function and tumor regression. By retrospective analysis of 95 hyperprolactinemic patients (72 women and 23 men including 26 cases of suspected microadenoma and 44 macroadenomas) treated with 3 dopamine agonists (bromocriptine, metergoline and CU 32085) between 1975 and 1983, and with the help of large series published in the literature, we have tried to review the present knowledge of this subject. After a quick review of different medications, we will consider their prolactin-suppressing effects, their influences upon gonadal and gonadotropic functions, and their antitumoral action. More specific problems will then be discussed: side effects, resistance, possibility of cure, the evolution of the prolactinoma, the place of medical therapy relative to surgery, and contraception in association with dopaminergics.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          10.1159/issn.0018-5051
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4237-1
          978-3-318-01981-0
          0018-5051
          2571-6603
          1985
          1985
          28 November 2008
          : 22
          : 3
          : 228-238
          Affiliations
          Departments of aEndocrinology and Diabetology, bRadiology, cNeuroradiology, and dNeurosurgery, CHR, Lille, France; eLaboratory of Cytology, University of Lille, France
          Article
          180099 Horm Res 1985;22:228–238
          10.1159/000180099
          © 1985 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 11
          Categories
          Prolactin

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